Sleep Disorders: Causes, Types of Sleep Disorders, Symptoms, Diagnoses and Treatments

Facing troubles in sleep is now getting common in the world. There are many things associated to it. Sleep disorders are the combination of circumstances that affect the ability to sleep well on the daily basis in the routine life for long  of times (Some time permanently). A sleep disorder is condition that prevent you from getting comfortable sleep. It is normal to experience uncommonly complication in sleep, but if you are facing it on daily basis than it is not normal, and you need to do something for it. Anyone may experience sleeping disturbance usually due to travel, illness, stress and other temporary obstructions to usual routine but if sleep problems are a routine occurrence then you may be most probably suffering from sleep disorders. These problems can take a serious exaction on physical and mental health.

There are many things you can do for smooth night sleep and good sleeping routines. Start by finding your symptoms then try to make healthy changes to your daily activities and bedtime routine. If it doesn’t help then you can consult to sleep specialist.  urgent care canton mi.

Symptoms: symptoms are different depending on the severity and type of sleep disorder. The general symptoms include;

  • Depression
  • weakness
  • Anxiety
  • Loss of concentration
  • Urge to snooze during day
  • Memory loss
  • Headache
  • Heart attack
  • Obesity
  • Breathing in an unusual manner
  • Impotence
  • Diabetes
  • Drowsiness
  • Irritation
  • Lung hypertension

Causes:

sleep problems can be caused by different factors such as physical, medical and environmental influence. Causes can be different but the result is that natural cycle of body is disturbed. canton urgent care

These disorders can be

  • Physical (ulcers)
  • Medical (asthma)
  • Psychiatric(depression)
  • Environmental (alcohol)

Other causes are:

Genetics: scientists have found a genetic basis for neurological disturbance of sleep which affects the body sleep discipline.

Night Shift Work: people who work at night experience sleep disorder as they cannot sleep when they feel dizzy.

Medicines: Medicines can also disturb sleep. Such as

  • Cold, flu and cough medicines contain alcohol which can disrupt sleep after you get well.
  • Pain and headache medicine consist of caffeine.
  • Medicines for asthma and blood pressure may keep you up in the nights.

Aging: people over the age of sixty five have some kind of sleep disorder but it is not sure that it is a part of aging or is a result of medicines.

Allergies: Allergies and respiratory infections make it difficult to breathe at night and this inefficiency cause sleep difficulties.

Stress: It is difficult to stay asleep during stress and anxiety. Sleep talking, nightmares also affect sleep.

Nocturia: Periodic urination can cause you to wake up during night and disorder your sleep. Periodic urination is caused by diseases of urinary tract and hormonal imbalance.

Chronic pain: constant pain can wake you up and make it difficult for you to fall asleep. Chronic pain causes include arthritis, chronic fat

Lifestyle:  People who smoke, drink coffee or alcohol face more as compared to the people who do not.

Types: There are different types of sleep disorder. They are classified according to behaviors. It includes;

Insomnia: is the inability to stay asleep or fall asleep and is defined by the quality of sleep. Insomnia causes differ from person to person and can be treated with changes you can bring on your own.

Causes:  

  • Anxiety
  • Jetlag
  • Medications
  • Environment
  • Hormonal changes
  • Amount of coffee

Symptoms:

  • Un refreshing sleep
  • Drowsiness in daytime
  • Waking up during night

Sleep apnea: is a common and serious sleep disorder that repeatedly stops and starts breathing. The types are obstructive sleep apnea, central sleep apnea and complex sleep apnea syndrome.

Symptoms:

  • Loud snoring
  • Dry mouth
  • Feeling tired after sleep
  • Gasping
  • Difficulty in paying attention

Causes: occurs when muscles in the back of throat which support the soft palate, uvula, the tonsils and the tongue relax. When the muscles relax airways become narrow and make it difficult to catch enough air, which reduce the oxygen level in blood. The brain senses the inability to breathe and awake you so that you can reopen airways.

Parasomnias: a class of sleep disorders that include undesirable and abnormal physical or verbal behaviors such talking or walking during sleep.Parasomnias can be troublesome for both the patient and the bed partner. Sleep sex is also a parasomnia. It can have negative effect on person during daytime.

Causes:

  • Genetic factor
  • Brain disorder
  • Various medications
  • Obstructive sleep apnea

Symptoms:

  • Sleepwalking
  • Confusional arousals
  • Night terrors
  • Sleep paralysis
  • Bedwetting

Narcolepsy: is a neurological disorder that affects the brain ability to control sleep and involves a decreased ability to conduct the sleep-wake cycle. People suffering from this disease find it hard to awake for long time.

Causes:

  • Family history
  • Brain injuries
  • Autoimmine disorder
  • Low level of chemical hypocretin (cause awakefulness)

Symptoms:

  • Excessive sleepiness
  • Cataplexy (sudden loss of muscle tone)
  • Sleep paralysis
  • Automatic behaviors
  • Hallucinations

Restless leg syndrome: is a disorder of the part of nervous system that causes an uncontrollable attempt to move of legs.  The disease can begin at any age.

Causes:

  • heredity
  • pregnancy ( especially during lat months)
  • imbalance of brain chemical doping
  • nerve damage
  • iron deficiency

symptoms:

  • relief with movement
  • nighttime leg twitching

Diagnosis:

The sleep specialist may ask questions about your health history, medication history, physical exam, sleep diary. Tests used to detect sleep disorders include;

Polysomnography: is sleep study that monitor oxygen level, heart rate,  body movements and brain waves to resolve how they disturb sleep.

Electroencephalogram: determine electrical action in the brain and detects problems related with this activity.

Actigraphy: A device called actigraph is worn like watch and record signals during movement and no signals are recorded during inactivity. This test can provide information about periods of sleep.

Genetic blood testing: is a blood test used to diagnose health condition that may cause sleep disorders.

Multiple sleep latency Test: is daytime study that observe the rate of falling asleep. This test is used in collaboration to diagnose narcolepsy and measure daytime sleepiness.

Treatments: 

sleep disorders treatment are different depending on type and cause but it generally includes medical treatments and lifestyle changes.

Medical treatments: includes;

  • Sleeping pills
  • Allergy medication
  • Surgery
  • Behavioral therapy ( RLS)

However self management of good sleep routine is better, you can practice,

Sleep routine: Developing routines and practicing good sleep is beneficial. Insomnia and sleep walkers can be cured by having a good routine. Schedules naps can be developed for sleep disorder such as narcolepsy.

Relaxation and exercise: sleep disorders including insomnia and RLS can be minimized by relaxation techniques, yoga and by advises exercises. Exercises help to reduce stress and experience a good sleep.

Lifestyle change: Eating vegetables, reducing sugar intake, limiting caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, reducing stress by exercise are certain lifestyle changes which may help you for a comfortable sleep

Help your sleep: by

  • Go to bed at the same time daily
  • Get up at the same time
  • Comfortable bedding and mattress
  • Relaxation exercise
  • Spend time outside
  • Avoid caffeine and alcohol

Absence of a good night sleep affects many body systems and cause health problem and chronic diseases. Getting seven to eight hours sleep is important.try to follow good habits because it is the key to your performance.

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