Each year millions of people get encountered with flu. Flu is infectious illness caused by virus attack on throat, nose and or lungs. These viruses spread through air from one person to another and target the other. For some people, flu is mild illness, depends on the severity of attack. However, flu can be life-threatening and serious for children, older people, heart and diabetic patients.
Flu is intense and its symptoms arise quickly. The signs of flu are;
- Sudden fever
- Runny nose
- Aching body
- Sore throat
- Loss of appetite
- Feeling tired
Severe flu can also cause nausea, diarrhea and vomiting.
The following people have high risk of catching flu;
- Pregnant women
- People with persistent health problems
Prevention is always better than treatment. A strong immune system and following simple practices can reduce the risk of getting flu.
The best possible way to prevent flu is to get vaccination. The influenza virus changes constantly every year so, new vaccine is prepared every year. The body establishes antibodies around two weeks after vaccination. Flu vaccine is safe but you arms may be sore after vaccination for few days.
Vaccines are injected with needle usually in arm. They help to produce antibodies in body that protect against infection. About one to two months after vaccination the number of antibodies is greater but then reduces gradually.
The antiviral medicines can minimize the duration of illness and help to prevent further complications because of flu.
Moderate exercise like walking, jogging boosts the immunity against bacteria and virus. It also accelerates the recovery.
Boost immune system:
A strong healthy immune system provides protection against flu. In order to have a strong immune system;
Stress impedes the competence to stay healthy. Try to avoid or reduce stress by exercise or medication. Close eyes and breathe in and out for few minutes.
Eat fruits and vegetables to provide essential nutrients to body. Also aim for 30 minutes of exercise a day.
A good and enough sleep helps to repair body cells and boost immune system.
In case of infectious diseases not the cold weather but germs cause flu. These Infectious germs flourish during cold temperature. Fight with these germs by;
Wash hands plenty of times with soap and warm water. washing hands is the best way to protect yourself and other.
Clean touches surfaces:
Clean the surfaces like doorknobs, keyboards, desktop and others to avoid disease.
Smokers are more vulnerable to respiratory illness. Because smoke dries the nasal passage and make the nose hair passive that sweeps virus from nose.
Stop spread of flu virus:
The virus spread in the form of small droplets of saliva of infected person by coughing and sneezing. It also spread from touched surfaces. You can stop the flu virus spreading in the following way;
- Avoid touching mouth, eyes and nose.
- Avoid close contact.
- Cover mouth and nose.
- Sneeze into upper part of sleeve.
- Stay home when ill.
Good health habits:
The good habits that help to prevent flu are;
- Reduce alcohol and sugar utilization.
- Get regular exercise.
- Keep hands away from face.
- Get sunshine and vitamin D supplement.
- Sleep eight hours.
Flu fighting foods:
Lemon has antibacterial properties and contains vitamin C. use it in tea or water.
Ginger has anti-inflammatory properties and can relieve diarrhea, vomiting and nausea.
Vegetables like Brussels sprouts, cauliflower has anti-oxidant properties and contain vitamin C.