People living with diabetes have an increased risk of diabetes. The heart diseases and complication include heart attack, angina, heart failure, and stoke. It is vital to note that heart failure is different from heart attack. Let explain to avoid any confusion
Heart failure is the condition when the heart is no more able to pump enough blood to the rest of body parts.
In heart attack the heart muscles are damaged due to blockage of blood and therefore oxygen to the heart.
During this condition the heart completely stops beating in coordinated process.
Usually heart failure is a chronic condition that gets advance with time instead of happening all at once. People may not experience any physical symptoms at the start. With the passage of time symptoms can appear like
- Chest pain
- Rapid weight gain
- Shortness of breath
- Loss of ability to exercise
- Walking difficulty
There are a number of causes due to which heart failure can occur. But basically, the inability of heart to pump enough blood occur in two ways;
When the heart muscles become hard and the heart chambers become fail to relax. This is called heart failure with preserved ejection fraction.
When the heart, become unable to supply enough blood to body due to weakness of heart muscles. This type is called heart failure with reduced ejection fraction.
Diabetes and heart failure:
Diabetes and prediabetes are associated to both of these ways of heart failure. People with type 2 diabetes are more likely to promote congestive heart failure as compared to the people without diabetes. The risk factors of heart failure are more common in people with type 2 diabetes. These risk factors are
- Body mass index over 25
- High blood pressure
- Artery diseases
- History of heart attack
- Heart valve problem
Although, it is not known that why diabetes is the independent risk of heart failure. But researchers guess that either high blood sugar damages the muscles of heart or forces the heart to work more hard because of damage of small blood vessels in heart and in the body.