How to Handle Spring Allergies, Causes & Treatment

Spring has finally sprung! Its a beautiful time of the year, blooming trees, flower buds, and birds chirping have pleasant sensation. However, this charming season is not always greeted with full excitement by all people. In other words, it is the unhappy time of the year for people with seasonal allergies. For people with spring allergies, this season usually brings itchy red eyes, sneezing and runny nose.

More than 50 million Americans endure seasonal allergies every year. Allergic reactions happen when the body incorrectly defends itself as opposed to something that is not really hazardous. A healthy immune system fights against harmful invaders.  However, during an allergic reaction, the immune system opposes nontoxic materials such as mold and pollen.

Symptoms:

The symptoms of spring allergies include;

  • Sneezing
  • Runny nose
  • Coughing
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Nasal congestion
  • Itchy, watery eyes
  • Throat itchiness
  • Chest tightness

Seasonal allergies increase the severity of respiratory symptoms in people with asthma. The children from 12-17 are more vulnerable to spring allergies.

Spring allergens:

An allergen is anything that evokes to an abnormal immune response during which the body defends a perceived threat that is harmless.

Pollen:

During spring pollen is released from trees and plants. These tiny grains are released into the air by trees, weeds, and grasses to fertilize other plants. They can be easily inhaled and when they get into an allergic person’s nose they send the body defense system broken. The immune system erroneously sees the pollen as danger and release an antibody in order to attack the allergen. This causes the release of histamines (chemical) into the blood.  Histamines provoke the runt nose, itchy eyes and other symptoms of allergies. The tree triggers include;

  • Ash
  • Cottonwood
  • Alder
  • Beech
  • Juniper
  • Mulberry
  • Oak
  • Olive
  • Palm
  • Pine

Grass pollen ;

  • Bluegrass
  • Red top grass
  • Timothy grass
  • Sweet vernal grass

Diagnosis:

Seasonal allergies rarely need diagnostic testing. A doctor checkup can diagnose the causes or contributing factors, especially in severe breathing problem. An allergist can also identify the specific allergens and prescribe allergy shots.

Treatment:

Medications are usually used to relieve seasonal allergies or diminish the body’s response to allergens. Medication options are;

Oral antihistamines:

It is used to restrain the histamine which is a chemical produced by the body and can trigger an allergy.

Nasal decongestants:

They make the nose’s blood vessels shrink and provide short term relief. Nasal decongestants are available in liquid, oral, spray and nasal drops.

Nasal steroid sprays:

They are used to reduce the production and swelling of mucus in the nasal passage. You can get it prescribed from MI Express Care urgent care canton mi.

Eye drops:

are used to treat  eye allergies. Eye drops options include prescription drops which can combine histamine with a mast cell inhibitor or short- term drops which contain topical decongestants.

Topical steroid creams:

These are used to treat itchy and dried skin.

Tips for handing pollen allergies:

The following simple tips and precautions can help to avoid seasonal allergies.

Eat clean:

Avoid such dairy products which produce phlegm. Some foods really help to fight spring allergies such as nuts, apples, tomatoes, and red grapes.

Rinse your sinuses:

Rinsing nose with saline solution is an effective way to relieve nasal congestion and it flushes out allergens and mucus from the nose. An irrigation device which looks like a teapot known as Neti pot is filled with a saline solution and is used to pour it into the nose.

Avoid the triggers:

  • Limiting your outside presence unless necessary.
  • Keep shut the doors & windows of both cars and house.
  • Wearing hat along with glasses is also useful.
  • Wear sunglasses and a hat while going outside.
  • Get showered before you go to bed to remove any accumulated pollen on skin and clothes.
  • Limit your time spending outside.

Air purifier:

Run an air purifier which removes contaminants like dust, smoke, and pollen from the air.

In case your airways get inflamed, you should try Antihistamine:

In order to protect nasal passage from becoming inflamed take an antihistamine 30 minutes before going outside.

Allergy shots:

You may need to consider an allergy shot if you have all time allergies, despite your precautions and best effort. You can get your shot at MI Express Canton Urgent Care

Trim grass:

Make sure to keep the lawn clean and trim the grass wearing a dust mask to avoid breathing problem.

Keep the house clean:

Make sure to keep your home allergen-free by cleaning it regularly and using filters.

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