Causes of Under Eye Darkness | How to Treat Dark Eye Circles

Eyes are windows to the soul and are priceless blessings. But sometimes they get disorder due to various reasons. Under eye dark circles are common in both men and women. Dark circles or periorbital hyperpigmentation are the darkenings of the pigmentation around the eyes. In some cases, these circles are accompanied with saggy bags. Dark circles not only take away the freshness of face and make you look older than actual age but also gives unhealthy or ill look.

Causes:

The factors contributing to the dark circles are following;

Genetics:

Family history also plays a vital role in developing dark circles under eyes.  Dark circles are often inherited trait and may disappear or worsen with the age.

Sleep deprivation:

One of the most common causes of under eyes dark circles is sleep deprivation. Try to change the sleeping position if you notice dark circles despite getting enough sleep. Lack of sleep can also develop fluid below eyes which makes them puffy. Make sure to get enough sleep every day.

Dehydration:

Similarly, another common cause is dehydration. When the body is not receiving enough water the eye’s surrounding skin look dull and sunken. Also, it is important to flush the toxins out of the body. So drinking water can prevent from dark circles.

Age:

Another common reason is aging. The skin becomes thinner and body loss collagen and fat which are necessary to main the skin’s elasticity. The thin skin makes the blood more visible under eyes.

Sun exposure:

Too much exposure to the sun can cause the body to produce more melanin (a pigment that gives color to the skin). This can make the under eyes dark.

Eye strain:

Watching continuously at computer or television screen can cause strain on eyes which enlarges the blood vessels around eyes. As a result, the surrounding skin becomes darken.

Allergies:

Due to the allergic reaction the body releases histamines in response to harmful bacteria. Histamines causes the blood vessels to dilate and more visible. Allergies also increase the urge to rub the itchy eyes which can cause inflammation. walk in clinic 

Stress:

Mostly stressed people experience a sleep problem. Disturbed sleep or constantly thinking does not get them to sleep. As a result, dark circles appear under eyes.

Improper diet:

Lack of fresh foods and salad make the skin dull and sallow and give dark circles.

Illness:

Due to prolonged illness and internal weakness dark circles may appear.

Home remedies:

The treatments for the dark circles obviously depend on the cause. Here are some simple home remedies which may help to treat dark circles.

Cold compress:

Wrap ice cubes in a washed cloth and apply to eyes. This cold compress can help to reduce puffiness, shrink blood vessels and thus help to eliminate dark circles. canton urgent care

Massage:

Apply and massage gently a mixture of almond and coconut oil around the eyes and leave for an hour.

Tomato:

Mix tomato juice and lemon juice and massage this toner around ayes and then leave for about 20 minutes. Then wash with coconut water.

Tea bags:

Tea contains anti-oxidant and caffeine that stimulate blood circulation. Soak tea bags (black or green) in hot water for about 5 minutes and place in refrigerator for 15-20 minutes. These cold tea-bags can improve the eye’s appearance.

Cucumber:

Soak cucumber slices in lemon juice for 3-5 minutes and place on eyes for 10-15 minutes. Avoid lemon juice getting into the eyes.

Rose water:

Rose water soothes the eyes and reduces the dark circles. Soak a cotton ball in rose water and place on closes eyelids. Leave for 15 minutes.

Medical treatment:

The most efficient and permanent treatment is medical treatment. Some common treatments are;

Laser surgery:

However laser surgery is not without risks, scarring is the most possible risk.

Injections:

Filler injections are also used to treat dark circles. These injections conceal the blood vessels and melanin that discolor the skin. The possible side effects are swelling and bruising.

Other treatments are

  • Chemical peels to reduce pigmentation.
  • Medical tattoos to inject pigment into a thin skin.
  • Tissue fillers.

Precautions:

  • Avoid rubbing eyes.
  • Manage allergies.
  • Remove makeup gently.
  • Avoid alcohol and smoking.
  • Use eye protection.

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