Anxiety Disorders: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatments

Anxiety is a mental health situation which causes the feeling of fear, worry, and tension. Generally, anxiety is physiological and biological reactions to perceived threats. Occasional anxiety is a part of normal life. However, people with anxiety disorder experience excessive and persistent feelings of fear and worry about everyday situations.

Anxiety disorders are common and they affect about 40 million individuals in the United States and one in 13 worldwide. The feelings of anxiety can affect daily life and social activities.

Anxiety disorders:

Generalized anxiety disorder:

Is the most common disorder in which the person feels excessive worries about everyday activities. canton urgent care

Social phobia:

When a person has an intense fear of being criticized or embarrassed and tries to avoid eating in public and speaking publicly.

Post-traumatic stress disorder:

The affected person experience anxious feelings about a traumatic event which can be a death, accident or any disaster.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder:

A person has unwanted and persistent thoughts or images and they perform repetitive actions that may be excessive and time-consuming.

Panic disorder:

A person experiences uncontrollable feelings of fear when faced specific situations.

Specific phobia:

The person has a strong fear for a particular situation like flying or getting an action.

Workplace anxiety:

The person develops anxieties about working conditions, fear of judgment and interacting with colleagues and superiors.

Symptoms:

The symptoms of anxiety include;

  • Feeling nervous or frightened
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Dry mouth
  • Feeling faint
  • Low appetite
  • Stomach cramps
  • Tense or sore muscles

Feeling one or more symptoms do not usually indicate anxiety but a full diagnosis is important.

Causes:

Exactly causes of anxiety are not fully understood, but a lot of factors can be involved. The factors can be;

  • Mental and physical health problem (depression)
  • Drugs
  • Medications (psychiatric drugs and alcohol)
  • Childhood experiences (physical or emotional abuse)
  • Traumatic events
  • Genetics

Anxiety triggers:

A trigger can be anything that can lead to an anxiety reaction. Anxiety triggers can be different from person to person. Identifying triggers is essential for managing anxiety.

Health issues:

Health problems such as cancer or a chronic illness can trigger anxiety. This trigger is strong because of personal and sudden feelings. A therapist can help you to manage the emotions.

Caffeine:

People with social and panic disorder are more sensitive to the anxiety-related effects of caffeine. So try decaffeinated coffee or tea.

Skipping meals:

Eating a balanced diet provides energy and important nutrients. Skipping meals can lead to rumbling tummy which can trigger anxiety.

Medications:

Certain medications can lead to symptoms of anxiety. These are;

  • Weight-loss medications
  • Birth control pills
  • Cough and congestion medications

Negative thinking:

The mind controls the body. When you are frustrated then your words can trigger the feeling of anxiety. Learn to refocus your feelings and language this can help you.

Conflict:

Relationship problems (arguments, disagreements) can worsen anxiety.

Financial concerns:

Money fears, unexpected bills, having debt can develop anxiety. A Financial advisor can help to manage it.

Stress:

Stress can lead to skipping meals, drinking alcohol; disturb sleeping which can cause anxiety.

Diagnosis:

A mental health professional can diagnose diagnosed anxiety by;

  • Medical history
  • Personal history
  • Physical examination
  • Laboratory tests

Treatments:

The anxiety treatment consists of a combination of behavioral therapy, medications, and psychotherapy.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy:

This type of psychotherapy aims to change the harmful thoughts that make the basis of anxious feelings and change people’s way of reaction to various situations.

  • Peoples are taught skills to control thoughts and behavior.
  • Relaxation training to reduce physical tension.

Medications:

A person can manage anxiety with several medications. These medicines are not recommended for long-term use. Medicines that can control physical and mental symptoms are;

  • Antidepressants
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Tricyclics

Tips for reducing anxiety:

The anxiety and stress can be reduced by following tips and several changes to lifestyle.

  • Regular exercise
  • Relaxation techniques (meditation, mindfulness)
  • Breathing exercises
  • Limiting alcohol and drugs
  • Fix sleep cycle

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