Measles: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and treatment

Measles is a viral disease that rapidly spreads and causes fever and a skin rash. It is also called morbilli or rubeola. Measles is the fifth topmost cause of death and illness worldwide. The viruses of this disease live in the mucus of nose and throat and spread primarily through air by coughing, sneezing and direct contact with the affected person.  The virus can stay active in the air and on surfaces for about 2 hours.

Measles is very contagious, you have a 90% chance of getting it if you are not vaccinated and are in a room with someone else who has measles. This unpleasant condition normally passes without any treatment within 7-10 days. After this, a person gets immunity for the rest of life. It is improbable to get measles second time.

Symptoms:

Measles symptoms appear 7-18 day after exposure to the causing virus. But before knowing you can spread it to others because it spreads very rapidly. The signs of measles include:

  • Fever
  • Runny nose
  • Sore and red eyes
  • Dry cough
  • Sleepiness
  • Bluish and red spots inside the mouth

Complications:

Possible complications are:

  • Ear infection
  • Blindness
  • Pneumonia
  • Encephalitis (brain inflammation) which can cause brain damage or death.
  • Premature labor, low birth weight or miscarriage if catch this disease during pregnancy.
  • Respiratory infections

Causes:

This highly contagious illness is caused by infection with rubeola virus, which lives in the mucus of the nose and throat of an infected individual. The infection mainly spread through:

  • Physical contact (with an infected person)
  • Being near an infected person
  • Touching surfaces that contain infected droplets

Diagnosis:

It is very important to diagnose measles early in order to prevent its complications and spreading. Measles can be diagnosed on the basis of symptoms and possible exposure to the virus. Healthcare provider can confirm the measles by:

  • Blood test
  • Urine test
  • Nasopharyngeal (back of nose and throat) swab.
  • Medical history and travel history
  • Physical examination

 

Treatment:

There is no specific treatment for measles.  In the case of no complications test and fluids are recommended to prevent dehydration. The treatments options include:

For fever:

If the temperature of the infected person is too high it should be kept cool but not too cool. Tylenol or ibuprofen can help to control aches, pain, and fever. canton urgent care

Sunglasses:

The dim lights or a darkened room may increase the comfort, like sensitivity to light is increased by measles.

humidifiers:

Cough medicine may not relieve the measles cough. Placing a bowl of water in room or humidifiers may help.

Fluids:

A high fever can lead to dehydration so, plenty of fluids are recommended to prevent dehydration.

Antibiotics:

The Measles virus cannot be controlled through antibiotics but they may be prescribed in case of additional bacterial infection.

Prevention:

If someone has measles then the following precautions may help to protect the vulnerable family members and friends.

Isolation:

It is necessary to keep the nonimmunized people away from the infected person because this infection spreads easily. During this period the infected person should not be involved in the activities in which they interact with other people.

Vaccination:

Vaccines are the best way to prevent the spread of measles. The MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine is 975 effective after two doses. For infants, the first dose is usually given between 12 and 15 months, while the second dose is typically given between 4 and 6 year age. Talk with child’s doctor before traveling abroad about getting measles vaccine earlier. The vaccine is effective for most people but should be taken by:

  • Pregnant women or plan to become pregnant.
  • People with serious allergies
  • People with a weakened immune system ( from diseases like tuberculosis and leukemia)

Most people recover within 2- weeks.

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Anxiety Disorders: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatments

Anxiety is a mental health situation which causes the feeling of fear, worry, and tension. Generally, anxiety is physiological and biological reactions to perceived threats. Occasional anxiety is a part of normal life. However, people with anxiety disorder experience excessive and persistent feelings of fear and worry about everyday situations.

Anxiety disorders are common and they affect about 40 million individuals in the United States and one in 13 worldwide. The feelings of anxiety can affect daily life and social activities.

Anxiety disorders:

Generalized anxiety disorder:

Is the most common disorder in which the person feels excessive worries about everyday activities. canton urgent care

Social phobia:

When a person has an intense fear of being criticized or embarrassed and tries to avoid eating in public and speaking publicly.

Post-traumatic stress disorder:

The affected person experience anxious feelings about a traumatic event which can be a death, accident or any disaster.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder:

A person has unwanted and persistent thoughts or images and they perform repetitive actions that may be excessive and time-consuming.

Panic disorder:

A person experiences uncontrollable feelings of fear when faced specific situations.

Specific phobia:

The person has a strong fear for a particular situation like flying or getting an action.

Workplace anxiety:

The person develops anxieties about working conditions, fear of judgment and interacting with colleagues and superiors.

Symptoms:

The symptoms of anxiety include;

  • Feeling nervous or frightened
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Dry mouth
  • Feeling faint
  • Low appetite
  • Stomach cramps
  • Tense or sore muscles

Feeling one or more symptoms do not usually indicate anxiety but a full diagnosis is important.

Causes:

Exactly causes of anxiety are not fully understood, but a lot of factors can be involved. The factors can be;

  • Mental and physical health problem (depression)
  • Drugs
  • Medications (psychiatric drugs and alcohol)
  • Childhood experiences (physical or emotional abuse)
  • Traumatic events
  • Genetics

Anxiety triggers:

A trigger can be anything that can lead to an anxiety reaction. Anxiety triggers can be different from person to person. Identifying triggers is essential for managing anxiety.

Health issues:

Health problems such as cancer or a chronic illness can trigger anxiety. This trigger is strong because of personal and sudden feelings. A therapist can help you to manage the emotions.

Caffeine:

People with social and panic disorder are more sensitive to the anxiety-related effects of caffeine. So try decaffeinated coffee or tea.

Skipping meals:

Eating a balanced diet provides energy and important nutrients. Skipping meals can lead to rumbling tummy which can trigger anxiety.

Medications:

Certain medications can lead to symptoms of anxiety. These are;

  • Weight-loss medications
  • Birth control pills
  • Cough and congestion medications

Negative thinking:

The mind controls the body. When you are frustrated then your words can trigger the feeling of anxiety. Learn to refocus your feelings and language this can help you.

Conflict:

Relationship problems (arguments, disagreements) can worsen anxiety.

Financial concerns:

Money fears, unexpected bills, having debt can develop anxiety. A Financial advisor can help to manage it.

Stress:

Stress can lead to skipping meals, drinking alcohol; disturb sleeping which can cause anxiety.

Diagnosis:

A mental health professional can diagnose diagnosed anxiety by;

  • Medical history
  • Personal history
  • Physical examination
  • Laboratory tests

Treatments:

The anxiety treatment consists of a combination of behavioral therapy, medications, and psychotherapy.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy:

This type of psychotherapy aims to change the harmful thoughts that make the basis of anxious feelings and change people’s way of reaction to various situations.

  • Peoples are taught skills to control thoughts and behavior.
  • Relaxation training to reduce physical tension.

Medications:

A person can manage anxiety with several medications. These medicines are not recommended for long-term use. Medicines that can control physical and mental symptoms are;

  • Antidepressants
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Tricyclics

Tips for reducing anxiety:

The anxiety and stress can be reduced by following tips and several changes to lifestyle.

  • Regular exercise
  • Relaxation techniques (meditation, mindfulness)
  • Breathing exercises
  • Limiting alcohol and drugs
  • Fix sleep cycle
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How to Handle Spring Allergies, Causes & Treatment

Spring is beautiful time of the year, blooming trees, flower buds, and birds chirping have pleasant sensation. However, this charming season is not always greeted with full excitement by all people. In other words, it is the unhappy time of the year for people with seasonal allergies. For people with spring allergies, this season usually brings itchy red eyes, sneezing and runny nose.

More than 50 million Americans endure seasonal allergies every year. Allergic reactions happen when the body incorrectly defends itself as opposed to something that is not really hazardous. A healthy immune system fights against harmful invaders.  However, during an allergic reaction, the immune system opposes nontoxic materials such as mold and pollen.

Symptoms:

The symptoms of spring allergies include;

  • Sneezing
  • Runny nose
  • Coughing
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Nasal congestion
  • Itchy, watery eyes
  • Throat itchiness
  • Chest tightness

Seasonal allergies increase the severity of respiratory symptoms in people with asthma. The children from 12-17 are more vulnerable to spring allergies.

Spring allergens:

An allergen is anything that evokes to an abnormal immune response during which the body defends a perceived threat that is harmless.

Pollen:

During spring pollen is released from trees and plants. These tiny grains are released into the air by trees, weeds, and grasses to fertilize other plants. They can be easily inhaled and when they get into an allergic person’s nose they send the body defense system broken. The immune system erroneously sees the pollen as danger and release an antibody in order to attack the allergen. This causes the release of histamines (chemical) into the blood.  Histamines provoke the runt nose, itchy eyes and other symptoms of allergies. The tree triggers include;

  • Ash
  • Cottonwood
  • Alder
  • Beech
  • Juniper
  • Mulberry
  • Oak
  • Olive
  • Palm
  • Pine

Grass pollen ;

  • Bluegrass
  • Red top grass
  • Timothy grass
  • Sweet vernal grass

Diagnosis:

Seasonal allergies rarely need diagnostic testing. A doctor checkup can diagnose the causes or contributing factors, especially in severe breathing problem. An allergist can also identify the specific allergens and prescribe allergy shots.

Treatment:

Medications are usually used to relieve seasonal allergies or diminish the body’s response to allergens. Medication options are;

Oral antihistamines:

It is used to restrain the histamine which is a chemical produced by the body and can trigger an allergy.

Nasal decongestants:

They make the nose’s blood vessels shrink and provide short term relief. Nasal decongestants are available in liquid, oral, spray and nasal drops.

Nasal steroid sprays:

They are used to reduce the production and swelling of mucus in the nasal passage. You can get it prescribed from MI Express Care urgent care canton mi.

Eye drops:

are used to treat  eye allergies. Eye drops options include prescription drops which can combine histamine with a mast cell inhibitor or short- term drops which contain topical decongestants.

Topical steroid creams:

These are used to treat itchy and dried skin.

Tips for handing pollen allergies:

The following simple tips and precautions can help to avoid seasonal allergies.

Eat clean:

Avoid such dairy products which produce phlegm. Some foods really help to fight spring allergies such as nuts, apples, tomatoes, and red grapes.

Rinse your sinuses:

Rinsing nose with saline solution is an effective way to relieve nasal congestion and it flushes out allergens and mucus from the nose. An irrigation device which looks like a teapot known as Neti pot is filled with a saline solution and is used to pour it into the nose.

Avoid the triggers:

  • Limiting your outside presence unless necessary.
  • Keep shut the doors & windows of both cars and house.
  • Wearing hat along with glasses is also useful.
  • Wear sunglasses and a hat while going outside.
  • Get showered before you go to bed to remove any accumulated pollen on skin and clothes.
  • Limit your time spending outside.

Air purifier:

Run an air purifier which removes contaminants like dust, smoke, and pollen from the air.

In case your airways get inflamed, you should try Antihistamine:

In order to protect nasal passage from becoming inflamed take an antihistamine 30 minutes before going outside.

Allergy shots:

You may need to consider an allergy shot if you have all time allergies, despite your precautions and best effort. You can get your shot at MI Express Canton Urgent Care

Trim grass:

Make sure to keep the lawn clean and trim the grass wearing a dust mask to avoid breathing problem.

Keep the house clean:

Make sure to keep your home allergen-free by cleaning it regularly and using filters.

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Winter Asthma Symptoms and Treatments

Breathing is life. The human body adopts a natural rhythm of inhalation and exhalation without any struggle. To survive but people living with asthma only knows that breathing does not come so easily. Asthma is a chronic lung disease that affects the airways and causes difficulty breathing. An Asthma attack occurs when there is a hurdle in the flow of air. Actually, asthma is narrowing of bronchioles by inflammation of the mucous membranes or by diaphragm contraction. Asthma can be chronic or acute.

Cold weather asthma:

The Sudden change in weather can spark asthma.  During winter cold air enters the airways and cause wheezing, coughing, breath shortening, chest tightness. Also, mold spore and flu virus are present in the air during cold and damp weather which can trigger asthma. Winter Asthma can be treated in Canton Urgent Care Canton MI.

Symptoms:

The symptoms of asthma tend to occur suddenly in response to stimuli or asthma trigger that irritates the airways and immune system which is an asthma attack. Some of the signs of an asthma attack include;

  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest tightness
  • Sleeping problem due to wheezing and breath shortness
  • Itchiness to throat
  • Mucus production

Causes:

  • Allergens (pollen, molds, dust mites, animal danders).
  • Air pollution.
  • Extreme weather condition.
  • Medications aspirin, acetaminophen)

Treatments:

Treatments available for asthma are;

Medications:

Many effective medicines are available to treat asthma.  Talk to an allergist to find the right medicine to manage the dosage based on symptoms. Quick-relief medicines are taken for immediate relief. These are;

  • Anticholinergics
  • Short-acting inhaled beta2 agonists

These medicines improve the breathing by expanding the passageways into the lungs.

Quick-relief:

These medicines help to stop the asthma symptoms but do not control the inflammation of airways. Long- term control medicines are taken every day to prevent asthma attacks.

  • Leukotriene modifiers
  • Cromolyn sodium
  • Immunomodulators
  • Oral corticosteroids (can be risky if not taken as prescribes)

Immunotherapy:

Two types of immunotherapy treatments are available;

Allergy shots:

Flu shots are helpful to cure and relieve allergy symptoms if an allergy is the cause of asthma. This treatment can take several years in order to build up the immunity and tolerance to allergens like pollen, pets, and dust. A Small amount of allergen is injected then gradually the amount is increased.

Sublingual tablets:

It is promising therapy of the future. This treatment is started several months before the allergy season and the patient dissolves a tablet under the tongue on a daily basis. This treatment can be as long as 3 years and should not be used in patients with severe asthma.

Bronchial thermoplasty:

It is used for severe asthma treatment. It is not extensively available and not right for everyone. The bronchial thermoplasty reduces the smooth muscles inside the airways by heating the insides of the airways with an electrode. This makes breathing easier and reduces the risks of asthma attacks.

Remedies:

Along with medical treatments, there are several home remedies that can be effective in an emergency.

Ginger:

Ginger is one of the super-foods. It plays a vital role in fighting off asthma. Prepare a drink of honey and ginger and take according to need.

Coffee:

Coffee can help to treat asthmas because it can improve breathing in asthmatic people for about 4 hours. Thus, coffee and black tea can help in an emergency in the absence of inhaler.

Essential oil:

The eucalyptus oil is used to treat asthma. Put a few drops of oils in boiled water then slowly breathe the vapor in. other essential oil are basil and lavender.

Mustard oil:

Mustard oil is one of the best options for immediate relief. Massage a mixture of salt and mustard oil into chest a few times a day until the symptoms disappear.

Omega-3 fatty acid:

Omega-3 fatty acids are very helpful in controlling inflammatory conditions. In addition to asthma, it is also helpful to treat depression and heart diseases.

Figs:

Figs are also useful in asthma relief. Soak some dried figs in water overnight. Eat these soaked figs first thing in the morning and drink the residual water.

Foods that trigger asthma are:

Allergens foods that can increase the risk of an asthma attack are;

  • Milk and milk products
  • Wheat
  • Soy and soy products
  • Eggs
  • Gluten
  • Fish

Precautions:

The following things you can do to manage asthma during cold weather.

  • Washing hands
  • Keep hands away from the face
  • Get a flu shot
  • Do not sit near the fireplace (smoke can irritate lungs)
  • Keep mouth closed
  • Limit outside exercise
  • Take medicines
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Causes of Under Eye Darkness | How to Treat Dark Eye Circles

Eyes are windows to the soul and are priceless blessings. But sometimes they get disorder due to various reasons. Under eye dark circles are common in both men and women. Dark circles or periorbital hyperpigmentation are the darkenings of the pigmentation around the eyes. In some cases, these circles are accompanied with saggy bags. Dark circles not only take away the freshness of face and make you look older than actual age but also gives unhealthy or ill look.

Causes:

The factors contributing to the dark circles are following;

Genetics:

Family history also plays a vital role in developing dark circles under eyes.  Dark circles are often inherited trait and may disappear or worsen with the age.

Sleep deprivation:

One of the most common causes of under eyes dark circles is sleep deprivation. Try to change the sleeping position if you notice dark circles despite getting enough sleep. Lack of sleep can also develop fluid below eyes which makes them puffy. Make sure to get enough sleep every day.

Dehydration:

Similarly, another common cause is dehydration. When the body is not receiving enough water the eye’s surrounding skin look dull and sunken. Also, it is important to flush the toxins out of the body. So drinking water can prevent from dark circles.

Age:

Another common reason is aging. The skin becomes thinner and body loss collagen and fat which are necessary to main the skin’s elasticity. The thin skin makes the blood more visible under eyes.

Sun exposure:

Too much exposure to the sun can cause the body to produce more melanin (a pigment that gives color to the skin). This can make the under eyes dark.

Eye strain:

Watching continuously at computer or television screen can cause strain on eyes which enlarges the blood vessels around eyes. As a result, the surrounding skin becomes darken.

Allergies:

Due to the allergic reaction the body releases histamines in response to harmful bacteria. Histamines causes the blood vessels to dilate and more visible. Allergies also increase the urge to rub the itchy eyes which can cause inflammation. walk in clinic 

Stress:

Mostly stressed people experience a sleep problem. Disturbed sleep or constantly thinking does not get them to sleep. As a result, dark circles appear under eyes.

Improper diet:

Lack of fresh foods and salad make the skin dull and sallow and give dark circles.

Illness:

Due to prolonged illness and internal weakness dark circles may appear.

Home remedies:

The treatments for the dark circles obviously depend on the cause. Here are some simple home remedies which may help to treat dark circles.

Cold compress:

Wrap ice cubes in a washed cloth and apply to eyes. This cold compress can help to reduce puffiness, shrink blood vessels and thus help to eliminate dark circles. canton urgent care

Massage:

Apply and massage gently a mixture of almond and coconut oil around the eyes and leave for an hour.

Tomato:

Mix tomato juice and lemon juice and massage this toner around ayes and then leave for about 20 minutes. Then wash with coconut water.

Tea bags:

Tea contains anti-oxidant and caffeine that stimulate blood circulation. Soak tea bags (black or green) in hot water for about 5 minutes and place in refrigerator for 15-20 minutes. These cold tea-bags can improve the eye’s appearance.

Cucumber:

Soak cucumber slices in lemon juice for 3-5 minutes and place on eyes for 10-15 minutes. Avoid lemon juice getting into the eyes.

Rose water:

Rose water soothes the eyes and reduces the dark circles. Soak a cotton ball in rose water and place on closes eyelids. Leave for 15 minutes.

Medical treatment:

The most efficient and permanent treatment is medical treatment. Some common treatments are;

Laser surgery:

However laser surgery is not without risks, scarring is the most possible risk.

Injections:

Filler injections are also used to treat dark circles. These injections conceal the blood vessels and melanin that discolor the skin. The possible side effects are swelling and bruising.

Other treatments are

  • Chemical peels to reduce pigmentation.
  • Medical tattoos to inject pigment into a thin skin.
  • Tissue fillers.

Precautions:

  • Avoid rubbing eyes.
  • Manage allergies.
  • Remove makeup gently.
  • Avoid alcohol and smoking.
  • Use eye protection.
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Prevent the Flu: What is the Current Situation of Flu Across USA

Winter is getting folded so as the flu season slowly after 18 weeks. CDC report indicates. There is decline in the patients number clinics treat for flu or flu like symptoms. It also reported increase in H3N2 virus and also issued tips for walk in clinics about the season and patients care.

There is slight decrease in flu type B, while increase in H3N2 & H1N1 is still active. CDC recommended anti viral medication for the affected people specially the elder people with over 60 or more. They also, didn’t recommend the nasal spray flu vaccine this season. The number of visits for flu treatment is now 3.8% which is above the US baseline but it has declined from 4.4%. Also flu virus activities are noted in 34 states last week, as compare to 44 of 2 weeks ago states.

You can still get flu vaccine as it’s never late for it but the ideal time is to get it two weeks before the start of flu season. Also, you can avoid flu with many healthy habits.

Wash Your Hands. Keep your hands clean and clear to avoid any type of other illness and disease along with flu. Do remember to wash your hands before and after cutting or cooking something in the kitchen, after using washrooms, after shaking hands with people, travelling in public transport etc.

Touching Surfaces or Things. Door handles, surfaces and things like office water cooler may also be infected with viruses, as people touch and use it. Do not use common glass or cup as it is also a source of transmitting viruses. If possible, clean the surfaces with sterile liquids. MI Express Care Urgent Care Walk-In Clinic

Cover your mouth. Mouth and nose are the sources of inhaling flu viruses. Covering your mouth and nose while coughing or sneezing will also minimize the risk of affecting other people.  Also, touching mouth, nose or eyes has significant role in it, simply avoid it. Airports, schools, people at medical facilities are the easy targets of flu virus. canton urgent care

Contact. Avoid close contacts like kiss, hugs or shaking hands with affected people. As, flu virus spread through such contacts, you should avoid such contacts.

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What Makes Urgent Care Walk-In Clinics Popular in USA

Urgent Care are speedily growing side of healthcare industry with continuous huge spike in the number of operational urgent care clinics. Urgent Care offer medical services for non life threatening medical problems. Such types of medical facilities provide their services on walk-Ins with the facility of advance online appointments. Most of these clinic work on sole proprietorship basis without any beds, some have affiliations or on partnership basis. You can find urgent care in shopping plazas, shared offices somewhere. A great percentage of urgent care are located in separate building equipped with different medical facilities like in house labs and x-rays.

Research show that the number of urgent care is growing continuously with the passage of time and will be on peak in upcoming year.  Here are the pros and cons of urgent care clinics.

Short Wait Times & Economical.

Everyone of use wish to find convenient medical care on economical price. As ER are always packed with huge number of patients, so obviously, the wait time is longer and they are expensive too. Every patient needs quality medical services with less wait times and on reasonable price.  In urgent care you have to wait very less even it may be 10 to 20 minutes while in ER you have to wait may be for hours. Also, you have to pay less (between $ 100 -$150) as compare to ER which is very expensive.

Almost every urgent care accepts all types of insurance, another aspect which has vital role in the popularity of such clinics.

Quality Care.

Urgent care offer great medical services with number of experienced doctors and other medical care staff. Over 20,000 doctors are actively working in these clinics with a very good practice experience. It makes the urgent care more popular among the people. 95% of urgent care are with at least one medical provider. MI Express Care Canton Urgent Care have also experienced doctors and other medical staff to provide quality services to the patients.

Internal Space & Cleanliness.

Urgent Care Clinics not only reducing the burden of ER visits for non emergency medical issues, but also give people the option to avail medical care while paying less. Urgent care have great waiting space, with refreshment like organic coffee, tea & snack etc along with refreshment facilities for kids.

No Appointment Mandatory.

You can simply walk in urgent care without prior appointment. They follow the First Come, first serve rule. Not to forget that online appointment is good to get checked on time which suits you the best. Along with it, you should know that the wait time is short and it may be between 10-20 minutes.

Convenience.

Urgent care clinic offer their services throughout the week all over the year. 75% of these clinics start their services from 8:00 AM. Urgent care are sole destination for quick and quality non life threatening medical issues like flu, cold, cough, fever, cuts, burns and bruises, asthma, allergy, headache, throat infections, broken and fractured bones, x-ray and lab tests etc.

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Strep Throat: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Strep throat is common in children, not only in winter but also during the changing weather. You should know that viruses cause sore throat, while (group A) bacteria streptococcus causes strep throat. The nature of infection may be from a minor to the severe one, which’s symptom includes rheumatic fever, problems in kidney etc. It can easily be spread from the infected person to the near ones breathed in the polluted surroundings other.

Strep throat spreads;

  • Through sneezing or coughing, which other people inhale while breathing.
  • Touching infected surfaces & then touching nose, mouth or face.
  • Touching patient sores
  • Using glass or plate of sick person.
  • According to many medical experts, household items like kids toys are not the speedy source of spreading strep throat.

Symptoms.

Strep throat is different type of infection than sore throat, it should be examined by a doctor to know whether it is strep throat or other type of infection.

Some of the symptoms are given as under;

  • Swelling with pain in throat and red tonsils.
  • Throat get red, swollen with internal yellow or red dots.
  • Low to high fever, depend upon the severity of infection
  • Severe headache and pain in the body.
  • Nausea & vomiting sensation because of fluid drop in the back of throat.
  • Loss of appetite
  • Rash
  • Head & stomachache

If you child has some or all of these symptoms, you should visit closest urgent care to consult with doctor.

Diagnosis.

Doctor will ask and also examine the symptoms and will suggest the tests, which is the accurate way to diagnose the strep throat.  Test may diagnose the infection in very short time after taking sample from the throat-back with the help of cotton swab. In case of positive report, doctor will prescribe antibiotics.

Another way is throat culture, in which swab is rubbed on the tonsils and throat for lab to examine whether streptococci will develop on it or not. It is a lengthy process and takes 2 days. canton urgent care

Treatments:

Treatment is done by antibiotics to wipe out the bacteria which caused the infection. Treatment are mainly given for 7-10 days, depends upon the severity of infection. Make sure the completion of antibiotic course, so that bacteria are wiped out completely.

Remedies.

  • Gargling with salted warm water on hourly basis in the peak of the infection, you can lower the number as the infection decreases.
  • Green tea (Sugarless) with lemon squeezed in it and honey.
  • Chicken, vegetables soup, broth etc.
  • Drink orange juice that sting
  • Rest
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Things You Can Do for Better Mental Health

The modern lifestyle has changed the ways of everyone life. Lot of work, lack of extracurricular activities and unhealthy diet has resulted lot of problems. Life means to enjoy every moment to its core and stress-free happy times is the best thing you ever can dream of. In fact, mental health decides the fate of your overall health and it is not impossible to achieve this target with few healthy changes to your lifestyle. So, you can improve your mental health level with some useful tips and ways.

  1. Positive approach. Thinking is what the we call the base of the mental health. Telling something positive to yourself will not only improve your capabilities but also increase the energy level. Negative thinking will not only land you in problems but also affect your overall health. Talk to yourself like “I can do it” “I will do it”, the words that encourage and motivate you. Do not always think about your life’s failures, people negative behaviors and past negative experiences. Appreciation and gratitude are something that keep your moral high, keep all the good times in your thinking and try to avoid the bad ones, as it is of no use to mourn for past. Convince yourself on try try again pattern and never to lose hopes in first or second attempt. urgent care canton mi

  1. One work. Be focused and present while doing anything, healthy approach is to do one task at one time. Multiple tasks will lead you toward fatigue and weigh your energies down. Do what pleases you and try to avoid what make you irritated. When you are lost while doing something, talk to yourself and bring back your attentions toward the activity. 
  1. Workout and exercise help the body to release the stress and cheers up your mood. This make it strong antidote for tension, anxiety and stress. Try to start from baby steps like start using stairs, going market or visiting a nearby friend. 30 minutes exercise is best for better health situation outside to be exposed to sunlight to get the body produce Vit D which enhance serotonin level in the brain. 
  1. Food. Food decide the fate of your stomach, which directly affect your overall health. What you eat directly affect your brain too, food make it produce serotonin which help in calming down the mood, while protein’s food boost tyrosine, dopamine and norepinephrine which keep you active and alerted. Fruits and vegetables are also enriched with different nutrients, minerals, fiber and other healthy items which body needs on regular basis and along with that nutrients which affect the brain chemicals responsible for regulating the mood. canton urgent care

  1. Open-Up. Don’t feel shy to laugh or letting know the people about something want to share. As, you know your beloved ones and true friends who cares for you, so you can share your mind with them. Trusting can increase your emotional&cheers level, as you will know about the shining corners of the people, which will result in making you positive. 
  1. Help Other. Don’t shy to rush to help someone in bad situation. Helping other will make you feel better about yourself and will make you happy. Being kind will not only make your mood calm but also it will increase your self-esteem sensation about yourself.
  2. Break. When you feel you are doing too many difficult things since long, set aside and leave that thing you feel irritated. Try to do your favorite activities. Sometimes we feel exhausted while doing same type of regular activities for longtime, so body need a break, which help it to overcome the negative sensation. If activity is related to profession, you can make some changes to your life style like adding daily exercise to your routine, attending friends gathering and start going out with the people whose company make you happy.
  1. Sleep & Wake-up early. Sleep has direct link to your mood. Set a suitable bed and rise time for yourself and try to maintain it. For better and deep sleep, try to relax, empty your mind of any stress and thoughts, and speak to yourself that stress won’t help in positive way, but it would have negative impact. Another best thing is to stop using computer or TV an hour before you go to bed. Think your bed as your relaxation place, so use it for relaxing activities only.
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How to keep your eye sight healthy

The visual organ eyes are the windows to the soul and the world. Eyes are the precious sensory organ and a jewel of the body. Eyes allow observing the beauty of the universe and to handle the daily tasks. Healthy eyes with wonderful vision are crucial for health and well-being.

Unlike other body organs, the eyes’ nerves cannot recreate themselves after an injury. Good eyesight is essential for a healthy and quality life. The usual cause o losing vision is aging. The special care for these crucial organs can help to protect vision problems.

Tips:

Here are some tips that can help to reduce the age-related eye problems and maintains the eye-sight with full functionality. These are;

Regular eye checkups:

Eye exams not only diagnose eye problems but can reveal general health problems like diabetes and high blood pressure. A regular eye exam helps to find sight-threatening condition such as glaucoma. It is important to diagnose in order to protect other eye problems later. An eye test every 2 years or sooner is recommended.

Eat healthily:

Generally, the foods that are good for heart health are also good for eye health. The food that contains vitamin C, vitamin E, fatty acids, zinc can prevent vision problems. Carrots contain vitamin A are very beneficial to have good eyesight. Leafy green vegetables are particularly important. canton urgent care

Wear sunglasses:

The people who have a lot of work outdoors need sunglasses to protect their eyes. The exposure to the UV rays increases the risk of macular degeneration and cataracts. Apart from being used as style accessory sunglasses also help to protect against harmful ultraviolet rays.  Polarized sunglasses are the best.

Drink more water:

Drink more water to produce enough tears in order to keep the eyes comfortable and moist. Dehydration can lead to dryness, redness and puffy eyes.

Eye exercise:

Perform eye relaxation exercise especially during work in front of the computer. Rub your hands and place over eyes and assume a relaxing place.

Stop smoking:

Cigarette contains toxic chemicals that affect the fragile tissues and small blood vessels in the eye. Smoking can also lead to the macular generation and cataract formation which are the main causes of vision loss.

Reduce excess weight:

Overweight can increase the risk of developing diabetes which can lead to glaucoma. So it is important to keep a healthy weight for healthy eyesight.

Rest your eyes:

If you have to work more time on a computer then it is important to rest your eyes by following the 20-20-20 rule. It means to take a break after every 20 minutes, look 20 feet away from the computer screen for 20 seconds. It helps to prevent computer vision syndrome.

Family medical history:

Be aware of your family history because some diseases are hereditary.  This can help to find out the risk of developing an eye disease and take precautions.

Dim light:

Do not read in dim light because it may cause eye fatigue. It also contributes to nearsightedness.

Sleep:

A good night sleeps support eyes’ health and helps to perform well.

Supplements:

Beta-carotene is vital for eye health. Make sure to take vision- healthy supplements like vitamin C, vitamin B1, lutein, vitamin A, phytochemical antioxidants.

 

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How to Stay Healthy When the Weather Changes

Weather is going to change soon and the body needs time to accommodate with these changes. You need to take extra care of your body and avoid or minimize the use of many things which are not so harmful in normal season. Allergies are one of the top medical issues people face while changing weather.  You need to take care of your diet, physical activities and should think about daily smoking and alcohol consumption habits along with stress management. Though, these approaches are vital in deciding the fate of your health throughout the year but you should need to follow these strictly while weather is weather is changing.

Diet.

Diet is the first of all the things which has primary role in keeping you healthy. Nowadays the busy lifestyle make it difficult to follow home based healthy diet menu, as junk and fast food has quite good place among the food options.

Healthy diet means the regular use of fruits and vegetable, low fat diary and meat consumption, fiber and other nutrient enriched food items. Include one at least different fruit and vegetable on daily basis in your weekly food items list, it will not only fulfill the body nutrients but also will keep the immune strong.

Water.

Drink at least 8 glasses of water is the suggested to remain in good health. It not only empowers the brain by providing energy. Human body needs water for different organs, tissues (to keep it moist) and cells to perform the body functions and regulating temperature. It also consumes water for digestion and other body functions along with physical activities.

Weight.

Obesity percentage spiked all across the states, with no state saw any improvement in lowering the obesity rate. Gaining weight is easy but difficult to get rid of it easily. Overall, states of people’s desires to get rid of extra weights increased in the past years.

For ideal shape, drink water a lot, overview your diet and include fruits and vegetables along with low dairy food items and meat, minimize the use of junk and processed foods and drinks. Exercise on daily basis is a key to get motivated for ideal weight.

Exercise.

Exercise keeps the body active and energetic by igniting all the body organs to perform its duties. Exercise not only reduce the early aging but also, help in normalization of BP, improve sight, lower the cholesterol level and improve the muscles of the body. Also, you can adopt dance as exercise if you see no attraction in outdoor exercise.

Exercise helps the body to get rid of stress hormones in moderate amount and hence help in reducing the stress level. A 10, 15 or 20 min walk is best to start with.

Avoid Bad Habits.

Smoking directly affects the lungs and causes the heart problems. It also reduces the energy level by causing insomnia.  Nicotine increases the BP and increase the heart beat rate and also increase the level of activities related to brain waves which disturb the sleep timetable. Likewise, excessive amount of alcohol consumption is also bad for health, it not only disturb the routine but also effect the kidneys, stomach and other organs.

Sleep.

Sleep is also one of the health factors which decide about your daily life either it will be pleasant or not. If you are facing the sleep disorders, you should think about the possible reasons from your lifestyle. Exercises and workouts make you able to have good night sleeps.

Try to go with light head, don’t start thinking things while you go to the bed, feel positve and talk to yourself when negative thinking encounter you, this will help you to have deep and smooth sleep.

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Coughs: Types,Causes, and Treatments

Cough is a common medical illness. Coughing is a reflex action where the air is blow out quickly from the lungs to clear the foreign materials from the throat.  So cough is a significant respiratory protective mean. However, it may be a symptom of a hidden disease and seek medical attention if cough lasts for more than 3 weeks.

Cough is classified on the basis of its duration. Several definitions can describe the cough;

Acute cough:

The sudden cough and last for nearly three weeks.

Sub-Acute cough:

A cough, that ends between three to eight weeks.

Chronic cough:

A repeated cough, that lasts for more than eight weeks.

Productive cough:

A productive cough is a cough which develops mucus.

Dry cough:

Cough that does not produces mucus.

Nocturnal cough:

A persistent cough, that happens only at night.

Hemoptysis:

Coughing blood.

Any cough that has not recovered after a few weeks can be severe and it is important to seek medical attention.

Causes:

Virus and bacteria:

Respiratory tract infection (flu or cold) is the most common cause of a cough. Usually, virus causes these infections.

Smoking:

Another common cause of cough is smoking. The smoker’s cough is mostly chronic with offbeat sound.

Asthma:

People with asthma commonly experience breathy shortness, chest tightness, cough. In fact, more than 90% of chronic cough is caused by asthma and allergies.

Clearing throat:

A cough is a typical and usual way of clearing the throat.  Actually, cough is a reflex effort to clear the foreign particles that clogged the airways. This type of coughing is usually occasional but will increase with exposure to irritants.

Medicines:

Coughing can be a rare side effect of some medicines. Such a cough can be controlled by stop usage of causing medicines. These medicines can be Zestril (lisinopril), Vasotec (enalapril) and Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors.

Other causes are;

  • Damage to vocal folds tissues
  • Postnasal drip
  • Pneumonia
  • Croup

Treatment:

Depending on the cause cough can be treated in several ways. For healthy persons the most common treatment is self-care.

Self-care:

Cough can be treated in following self-care ways;

Stay hydrated:

Fluids drinking help to slender the mucus and retain the mucous membrane moisty.

Hot drinks:

Drinking warm tea with honey or ginger can also relieve the throat and clear the airways.

Steamy showers:

A hot shower can soothe the cough by loosening secretions in the nose.

Humidifier:

The nasal snot can be dried out in a dry house but a humidifier can help by making it easier to breathe.

Avoid irritants:

Avoid irritants such as smoke, dust and scented products.

Decongestants:

Decongestant sprays help in shrinking of swollen nasal tissues and reducing the production of mucus.

Saltwater:

Gargle with warm salt-water regularly to relieve throat.

Medical care:

Medical care involves the examination of the throat. If the cough is due to the bacteria then it can be treated by cough syrups and cough suppressants. Cough expectorants make the mucus thin so that it can be coughed easily. You may visit nearest urgent care in your area to get treated for it.

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What is Sleep Disorder & Tips to Reset Your Broken Internal Sleep Clock

Sleep is essential for health. In today’s fast-moving world maintaining a regular sleeping routine has become a very challenging task. Low quality and quantity of sleep results in deprived healthy life and reduce productivity in personal and professional aspects of life.

At tight you have enough time to sleep and do not have work to do. However, at day time there are greater chances of disturbances and interruptions.

The internal clock that rotates between sleep and wakefulness throughout 24 hours is called circadian rhythm. This clock is located in a part of the brain called hypothalamus and responds to external indications. However, sometimes the internal clock is affected by;

  • Shift work
  • Traveling
  • All-nighters
  • Jet lag

Such problems can be avoided by fixing the sleep schedule. Not only 7-8 hours of daily sleep but also a fixed schedule to get sleep is essential. This helps to keep the body physically and mentally active.

Tips:

Some natural tips can help to develop a sleeping schedule and have no side effects. Sleeping supplements are also used to fix a sleeping schedule but they cause some other problems to the body. walk in clinic

Regularity:

In order to fix a disturbed sleeping schedule just make sure to go to bed at the same time every day. Avoid changing the sleep times even during off days. Getting up at the same time is also important in fixing routine.

Appropriate light:

One of the best ways to fix sleep schedule is to arrange appropriate light in -melatonin. Darkness makes to feel drowsy. Before sleeping prepare yourself for sleeping by dimming or turning off the lights.

Practice relaxation:

Relaxation might help to sleep better. The stress makes a person feel awake. Stress and negative sleep effects can be overcome by;

  • Yoga
  • Medication
  • Deep breathing
  • Stretching

Skip naps:

Napping can disturb the sleeping routine and make it difficult to sleep at the right time at night. Napping before 3 pm is best to avoid sleep disturbance.

Reduce screen time:

Watching movies and using social apps before sleeping disturb the sleeping pattern. Screen staring can stretch the eye muscles and cause pain. Try to reduce the screen times gradually before sleeping.

Noise:

A quiet sleeping environment is crucial for quality sleep. To remove loud noises white noise can help. White noise can be created by using;

  • Air condition
  • Fan
  • Humidifier
  • Air purifier

Daily exercise:

Aerobic exercise improves the melatonin production and the quality of sleep. It is best to exercise at least 1-2 hours before bedtime because exercise may over stimulate the body.

Eat early:

Eating habits can disturb sleeping patterns.  Meals that require a long time for digestion can make you stay awake. Eat dinner about three hours before sleeping. Moreover avoid coffee, tea, energy drinks.

Be comfortable and gradual:

Comfortable sleeping accessories are important for good sleep. Be patient because the changes can be gradual. Consistency is the key to changing the sleep routine.

Sleeping is crucial to perform well in every field of life. Depending upon the internal system the results might be different for every person. If you fail to achieve the desired results then consult a professional.

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How to stay safe in the hot weather?

Summer brings warmth and ease from the severe cold weather and winter’s illness and disease. Glad to hear that? Hold on, summer is also not illness and diseases free, it also have a list of medical problems you may face. We are getting ready for weather change and to welcome the summer with high temperature. Heat and hot weather kills more than 600 every year.  People can prevent these heat or summer related deaths by following some tips which will help them to maintain a normal body temperature and prevent any bad situation.

Body heat increases with the increase in humidity, as it is the first resistant which keep the body from releasing the sweat to cool down.

There are also some other factors like obesity, your age, mental & heart health, dehydration, outdoor work and poor blood circulation. Drugs and medicines also have role in affect the body ability of cooling down itself.

Summer and hot weather is too risky for older people with over 65 years of age and kids younger than two and chronic diseases patients. Patients with chronic, mental  diseases or body disabilities (dependent on you or someone else) needs extra care in the summer, whether they are getting plenty of water, fresh air and are in pleasant temperature.  Some of the summer precautions are given as under.

Don not  just rely on fans, instead use air conditioner to keep the temperature normal.

They should know about air conditioned shelter’s locations.

Staying indoor to prevent the outdoor’s heat.

Keep the body hydrated.

Limited outdoor activities, especially in the mid of the day when sun comes to heads.

Moderate physical exercise but do not go for tough outdoor workout in the mid of the day. Rather do it early in the morning or in the evening.

Clothes you use should be of light color and should be loose.

You should know about the symptoms of any heat related illness and diseases.

Taking showers to feel pleasant and cool down.

Use goggles to prevent your eyes while getting out.

Cover your head with white or any other light colored piece of cloth or cap.

Using sun block is also useful to save your skin from the sunburn.

The most important, never ever even think to leave your child or puppy in your car in any case. It is a direct risk to their lives.

 

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Staying healthy during the changing weather

Weather is going to change soon, it results in different medical issues and allergies. Change of any weather is a consistent process, so is the facing illness and diseases along with it. A minor change in weather may cause a lot of infections and illness. Our body cannot accommodate immediately with the sudden rise and fall of temperature. Our body requires time to acclimate to weather changes and causes diseases to show resistance. Viral infections, cough, skin problems are common indications of weather changes.

Effects on the body:

Weather transition is not directly liable for illness. It actually provides a favorable environment for the virus to grow and spread. Changing weather affects our body in many ways. These are;

Blood pressure:

Change in weather pressure can also cause a change in blood pressure. Cold weather can lead to high blood pressure due to the narrowing of blood vessels.

Headaches:

Extreme weather shift and pressure can cause migraines. Especially headaches may spike in cold temperature due to contraction of blood vessels in the brain.

Heart attacks:

During cold weather, blood flow slows down because of the narrowing of vessels. Thus the risk of heart attack is increased.

Sex of conceiving baby:

The Seasons can have an impact on the composition of a baby. A Couple has more chances to conceive a boy in autumn and girl in spring.

Skin problems:

The skin irritation and dryness are most common during the season’s rhythm.  Nails and hairs get weak in such season.

Respiratory problems:

Too warm and too cold weather makes the breathing hard and painful. Also, asthma is more common during weather variation.

Emotional health:

Climate fluctuation can also affect emotional health. Also suicides rate increases in summer.

Tips to stay healthy:

A healthy lifestyle can help to handle quick changes without getting affected. Here are some tips that can help to stay healthy and away from illness:

Stay hydrated:

Body efficiency depends on water intake. Water helps to absorb nutrients and flush toxins from the body. On daily basis, at least 8-10 glasses of water are recommended.

Hand washing:

Relating to water wash your hands as much as possible. It is necessary to wash away the germs before they approach the nose and mouth. Especially during weather turnout germs can lead to the cold.

Diet:

The importance of a healthy diet cannot be highlighted enough. Eat such foods that are rich in anti-oxidants and vitamin C. Eating fruits, vegetables, seeds and, green leafy vegetables can boost the immune and health.

Sleep:

Sleeping for 8 hours a day boosts immune system and recharges the body. Good night sleep is essential for both physical and mental activities. Make sure to follow proper sleep patterns to get stamina for changing weather.

Exercise:

Nothing can keep healthy and strong like exercise can.  Every day get about 30 minutes of exercise. Exercise can;

  • Improve circulation
  • Remove toxins
  • Reduce stress

Dressing:

It is essential to change wardrobe gradually according to the weather. An inappropriate dressing could be a cause of being ill during changing weather. It is best to add or subtract layers and do not let the immune to get affected.

Breathe pure air:

Seasonal changes increase the number of particles in air and lead to allergic reactions. Installing an HVAC system (heating, ventilation and air conditioning) can help to avoid respiratory problems by reducing dust particles.

Precautions:

The following several precautions can protect from getting ill during changing weather;

  • Avoid junk foods
  • Keep out mosquitoes
  • Avoid inactive lifestyle
  • Avoid contact with allergens

The changing seasons are the beauty of life and human body can adapt these changes. Following these tips and precautions can help to sail through changing weather without getting ill.

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