Common Dental Problems and the Best Ways to Handle Them

Almost everyone at some point in their lives faces some sort of dental problems.  Teeth serve multiple functions all of which are important according to the human body needs. A person’s ability to chew food is the primary function of teeth; teeth also play vital role in shaping anyone’s smile. Sometimes dental issues are caused by the carelessness or less care. Dental problems may be heredity.

As useful and essential as teeth are, however they are not lasting. In fact, teeth are receptive to many problems that can result in teeth loss. Often these problems are preventable if a person follows good dental habits. Some common dental problem includes:

Toothaches:

In adults, the most common dental problems are toothaches. Commonly, toothache begins from large cavities that spread as far as they reach the nerve inside the tooth. Toothache can also result from bacterial infection, gum infection, and cracked teeth. walk in clinic

Tooth knocked out:

One of the very awful experiences if having a tooth knocked out. This cause bleeding and usually happens on the front tooth. Call an emergency doctor in such a situation.

Broken tooth:

Tooth break as a result of an accident or injury. A tooth can also break if weakened by a large cavity. Biting of something extremely hard can cause tooth break. Losing a part of the tooth causes full-blown pain and tooth sensitivity.

Canker sores:

are also called aphthous ulcers. Its cause is unknown and is experienced by adult persons.  They occur during stress, illness, or just after an injury to cheeks, lips or tongue. They are very painful and whitish in color. Minor aphthous ulcers last for 7-10 days while major phthous ulcers can be over a centimeter in diameter and last for over a month.

Bad breath:

Bad breath is a problem in which a person’s breath has an unpleasant odor. Bad breath problem may be caused by several factors such as dryness of mouth, poor dental hygiene, illness or mouth infection.

Fever blister:    

A virus causes cold sores and fever blisters. These are grown in a cluster of small pimple-like blisters which then blast to many tiny ulcers. They happen frequently during illness or stress. They develop on the upper portion of the lips and occur inside the mouth as well.

How to handle these problems.

Toothaches:

Toothaches caused by infections are treated by antibiotics.  In case of swelling in face or mouth go to the emergency room. A tooth infection can spread to airways, brain, and bloodstream.

Tooth knocked out:

In this condition find the tooth, hold it inside the mouth or store in a cup of milk or saliva. Do not wash the tooth because it can damage the tiny fibers that help to reattach it to gums and jawbone. The dentist will take an x-ray for checking any fractures in the jawbone or root. Then locate a splint to grasp the teeth in place. It can heal in 2-3 weeks.

Broken tooth:

Try to recapture the broken piece of teeth and often the dentist is able to bond the broken piece. A large break inside the tooth must be handled as soon as possible.

Canker sores:

Canker sores once start cannot be cured. The dentist can recommend a mouthwash that can relieve the pain of an ulcer. Try to avoid spicy food items, acidic foods, and drinks.

Bad breath:

The treatment of bad breath is dependent on its cause. It can be resolved by brushing and also brushing the tongue to remove bacteria. Bad breath due to dry mouth can be prevented by drinking more water and chewing gum.

Fever blisters:

Antiviral medicines help to treat this viral disease and help to reduce the severity and duration. During this condition, presence do not share drinks and utensils and do not kiss your loved ones.

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Foods You Can’t Stop Eating — But Should

Good health starts with healthy diet. Most of the people don’t know much when it comes to the outcomes of what they eat. The problem is that the health issues of eating unhealthy food take times to digest and be a part of your body. Eating such foods for a long period of time can cause certain severe conditions and diseases that can be fatal in long run.

Actually, there is a lot of confusion about foods that which foods are healthy and which are not.  Many foods are really not healthy while there is a also a list of healthy food items. They are secret sugar bombs that cause inflammation and many foods set your hormones into an unhealthy state. It does not take a lot of work and it helps to practice self-control. Here is a list of food items that are unhealthy and should be avoided.

Sugary drinks:

The single worst thing in the modern diet is the added sugar.  When sugar is consumed in a large amount, it can lead to insulin resistant in the body and is related to non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases and heart diseases. Water, soda water, coffee, tea can be used as an alternative. urgent care canton mi

Most pizzas:

One of the most popular junk foods is pizza. It tastes awesome and is convenient to eat. Most pizzas are made with unhealthy ingredients. Pizza is extremely high in calories made from highly refined wheat flour and processed meat. Homemade pizza made from wholesome ingredients can be healthy.

White bread:

White bread contains a very little amount of fiber to slow down the release of sugar into the blood. It is unable to make you feel satisfied and your body to work well. It can also lead to rapid spikes in the sugar. Whole grain bread is better than white bread.

Fruit juice:

Fruit juices are assumed to be healthy but almost, they are not. Although fruit juice contains vitamin C and antioxidants and they also contain a lot of sugar. In fact, they contain as much sugar as other sugary drinks like Pepsi and Coke, etc.  Pomegranate and blueberry juices have shown health benefits despite the sugar content.

Margarine:

Margarine is considered a better alternative to butter but thus far from the truth.  Margarine is processed food with loaded artificial ingredients. Margarine contains a number of trans-fats which can damage blood vessels walls and can lead to an increased risk of a heart attack. You should stick with omega-3 fatty acids instead of margarine.

French fries and potato chips:

Although white potatoes are healthy however the product made from them like potato chips and French fries cannot be. They contain a high amount of acrylamides, trans-fat, and oil that can cause heart attack. Boiled potatoes are best to be consumed.

Pastries and cakes:

Most pastries and cakes are generally made from refined sugar and added fats and are extremely unhealthy. The worst things that you can put into your body are tons of calories and unhealthy ingredients with no essential nutrients.

Ice cream:

One of the most delicious foods on the planet is absolutely ice cream but unfortunately, it is unhealthy. Most commercial ice creams are loaded with sugar and also high in calories. Further, it is easy to eat an excessive amount due to its delicious taste.

Processed meat:

According to studies processed meat cause many serious diseases in many people including diabetes, colon cancer, and heart diseases. It is said that processed meat contribute to hormones problems, antibiotic resistance and can disrupt insulin. They are a source of sodium nitrate which adds taste and color along with preservation. These are converted into nitrosamines which are carcinogenic compound and can lead to stomach, colorectal, and pancreatic cancer.

White chocolate:

All chocolates are not the same and the health effects of white and black chocolate are different. Eating too much chocolate can lead to tooth decay, constipation and obesity. White chocolate is unhealthy and contains a great amount of sugar.

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How to Get Rid of Under-Eye Bags

Bags under eyes (swelling and puffiness under eyes) are common as you age. The tissues and muscles around the eyes weakens with the growing age. The normal fat that supports the eyes can then move into the lower eyelid causing puffy lids. Fluid may accumulate in the below eye space and increase swelling.

Under eyes bags are commonly a cosmetic concern and may be a sign of serious condition rarely. It is really tough to feel fresh with tired and droopy eyes because of under eyes bags. urgent care canton mi

Causes:

Several factors can cause and worsen under eyes bags include:

  • Aging
  • Allergies
  • Sun exposure
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Pigmentation issues
  • Lack of sleep
  • Smoking
  • Heredity

Symptoms:

Under eyes bags can include:

  • Loose or saggy skin
  • Dark circles
  • Swelling

Home remedies:

There are various natural things that you can do to get rid of bags under eyes. Certain home remedies and eliminating some bad habits can help to reduce the effect.

Potato:

After refrigerating a raw potato for several minutes slice it into two and place on closed eyes gently. Leave it for 10-15 minutes. You will notice an amazing change in bags they will be decreased in size.

Vitamin E oil:

Take cooled water in a bowl and add a few drops of vitamin E oil.  Dip cotton pads in the mixture and place on eyes for about 20 minutes. This also helps to reduce swelling.

Cucumber:

Cucumbers are an enormous natural remedy to get rid of eyes puffiness. Place two slices of fresh refrigerated cucumber on eyes for 25 minutes. The anti-inflammatory property of cucumber will help to reduce puffiness.

Milk:

If you are worried about the extremely puffy eye then take chilled milk and dip cotton pads in it. Place these pads on eyelids for 20-30 minutes. This will help to cool them off and in water retention.

Tea bags:

Moisten two tea bags in cooled water, refrigerated them and place for 25 minutes on eyelids. Then wash face and eyes with cold water. Now you would feel relaxed.

Egg white:

Beat egg whites and with the help of a brush apply around eyes. Leave it for 20 minutes and then rinse. It will make the area around the eyes less puffy and feel tighter.

Habits:

Along with home remedies, certain habits and precautions can help to reduce or get rid of puffy eyes. These include:

  • Lower salt intake
  • Do facial exercise
  • Sleep on your back
  • Remove make up before bed
  • Limit alcohol intake
  • Quit smoking
  • Avoid sun exposure
  • Use a natural eye cream
  • Get collagen in your diet (collagen supplements
  • Eat iron-rich food
  • Get eight hours of sleep
  • Wear sunscreen
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Tips For Staying Healthy During Summer Months

Living in the long, warm, and lazier days of summer may not be easy.  Summer means time for barbeques, sand, summer getaway, and pool parties.  A change of season demands for a change in diet and daily routine. The beginning of warm weather can make the body more accessible to different diseases. By being aware of Health possible health hazards some simple steps can be taken to protect yourself, your skin, and overall health.

Tips:

Certain health guidelines and tips can help to keep you healthy and ensure a healthy summer. The tips are:

Stay indoors:

Limit your outdoor activities to the cooler parts of the day such as the early morning or late evening.  Avoid unnecessary outdoor activities.

Drink plenty of water:

It is more difficult but important to stay hydrated during summer because heat and sweat leave the body dehydrated.  Lack of water is harmful and can make you crave food when you are not hungry actually. It is important to drink at least eight to nine glasses of water. urgent care canton mi

Apply sunscreen:

Use of sunscreen is also important to protect skin from harmful UV rays. Sunscreen not only prevents skin cancer but also slows down the skin’s aging process. A sunscreen with a lower and higher SPF both can be effective. Try to apply sunscreen 15 minutes before you go outside.

Exfoliate:

Summer means an increase in dead skin cells. In order to keep the skin smooth and silky, it is important to exfoliate the skin. Milk, yogurt, and oatmeal can be used as exfoliation lotion.

Light and healthy food:

Eat light, healthy, and frequent meals. Heavy meals give rise to a lot of heat in the body. Try to eat such vegetables and fruits that have a high concentration of water such as watermelon, tomatoes, and oranges.

Avoid alcohol and caffeine:

Alcohol and caffeine leave the body dehydrated causing fever and chills. Try to reduce the amount of these beverages during hot weather. Flavored or plain water is a good alternative. Smoking is also injurious to health.

Eye-wear:

Sunglasses can block at least 99% of ultraviolet rays. When outdoors wear sunglasses to protect your vision from harsh sunlight.

Exercise:

Get fresh air and exercise. Doctors suggest at least 30 minutes of exercise a day. Try to take an outdoor walk when it is not hot (early morning or evening). Also, fresh vitamin D is important. Do not forget to wear sunglasses, shoes, hat, and sunscreen.

Dressing:

Wear light-colored, light-weight, and lose fitting fabrics like cotton and linen to keep cooler and to evaporate sweat. Wear a wide-brimmed hat if possible.

Good hygiene:

Wash hands frequently. Washing utensils, containers, and work surface before food handling to prevent the spreading of harmful bacteria.

Have fun:

Physical activity is important for everybody. Involve the whole family, take children and oldest to park, turn on music and dance, and have a friendly competition.

Know your limit:

Fun is great. Look out or the signs of overheating. Headache, fatigue, and muscles aches all indicate that it’s the time to take a break, drink water, and take some rest.

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Malaria: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatments

Malaria is a common life-threatening disease in many tropical areas. It is caused by parasites that are transmitted to humans by infected mosquitoes. When the infected mosquito bites the parasite is released into blood stream. These parasite travels into liver and become mature. After several days they enter the blood stream and start to infect red blood cells. Within 42-72 hours the parasites multiply causing the burst of infected cells.

The United States has approximately 1500-2000 cases o malaria each year as a result of international travel or immigration.  Globally an estimated 700,000 people were killed due to malaria in 2010 and approximately half of the world population is at the risk. MI Express Care Canton Urgent Care have indoor lab to conducts different lab tests.

Causes of malaria:

Malaria is caused by parasitic plasmodium that are transported by female of an anopheles mosquito and released into human blood stream by an infected mosquito. Human malaria is caused by four different species off plasmodium are:

  • Plasmodium falciparum
  • Plasmodium malariae
  • Plasmodium ovale
  • Plasmodium vivax

The malignant malaria is caused by plasmodium falciparum is life-threatening and cause many infections. The malaria caused by the other three species is not severe except for old and people with immune deficiencies.

Transmission:

The malaria is transmitted by female anopheles mosquito. Also malaria is transmitted by blood. Thus it can also be transmitted through:

  • A transfusion
  • An organ transplant
  • Use of shared syringes and needles
  • From mother to unborn child

Incubation period:

The incubation period from time o being bitten to appearance of symptoms varies depending on the type of species, the various incubation periods are:

  • 14 days for P.vivax and P.ovale
  • 12 days for P.falciparum
  • 30 days for P.malariae

Signs and symptoms:

Typically the symptoms develop with 10 days to 4 weeks. Common symptoms include:

  • High fever
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Muscle pain
  • Sweating
  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Anemia
  • Coma
  • Bloody stools

Vulnerable groups:

People who are at increased risk of this disease include:

  • Pregnant women
  • Unborn children
  • Young children
  • Infants
  • Older adults
  • Immunosuppressed travelers

Complications of malaria:

Malaria can cause several severe complications. Complications may be:

  • Low blood sugar
  • Swelling of brain blood vessels
  • Pulmonary edema (accumulation of fluid in the blood that causes respiratory problems).
  • Anemia
  • Organ failure of liver or kidney.

Diagnosis:

Early diagnosis and then treatment is life saving. Malaria can be diagnosed by symptoms and confirmed by blood tests. You can visit MI Express Care Urgent Care Canton MI for lab tests.

Treatment:

The type of medicines used to treat malaria depends on:

  • Type of malaria
  • Severity
  • Pregnancy
  • Where you get this disease

Antimalarial drugs are used to treat malaria along with medications to control fever. The drugs that are used to treat malaria include:

  • Quinine
  • Hloroquine
  • Atovaquone proguanil (Malarone®)
  • Artemether-lumefantrine (Coartem®)
  • Mefloquine
  • Clindamycin with quinine
  • Tetracycline
  • Doxycycline with quinine
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Listeria infection (listeriosis) – Symptoms, Causes, Complications Diagnosis, and treatments

Listeria is a food borne bacterial infection caused by eating foods contaminated by bacteria. These bacteria occur worldwide and may be very dangerous for pregnant women and people with weak immune system.  Listerosis is a rare infection and usually does not need any treatment. However, it can involve serious syndrome and even cause death in certain people. These groups of people include:

  • People with weak immune system
  • Pregnant women and also unborn babies
  • Newborn babies
  • Elder people

Symptoms:

Listerosis symptoms may appear few days after eating contaminated food. It may take 30 or more days before the first sign of infection begins. The symptoms include:

  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Muscle aches

If the infection extends to nervous system then the symptoms include:

  • Headache
  • Loss of balance
  • Stiff neck
  • Changes in alertness

Symptoms during pregnancy:

The baby may die before birth or get a life-threatening infection within few days after birth. Like adults, the sign of infection in newborn can be delicate and includes:

  • Fever
  • Vomiting
  • Irritability
  • Little interest in feeding

Causes:

Listeria (bacteria) can commonly develop in water, soil, and animal feces. Typically, humans are infected by consuming:

  • Contaminated animal meat
  • Unpasteurized milk
  • Foods made with unpasteurized milk
  • Raw vegetables contaminated from soil or fertilizers

Incubation period:

The average incubation period for listeria is about 30 days. After infection it can take from 1-over 90 days to develop illness called the incubation period. canton urgent care

Complications:

Complications can be more severe for an unborn baby. During pregnancy, it can lead to complications like:

  • Miscarriage
  • Premature delivery
  • Infection to the newborn
  • Death of newborn

In some cases, listeria can lead to severe complications that include:

  • Septicemia (generalized blood infection)
  • Meningitis ( inflammation of membranes and fluid surrounding the brain)

Diagnosis:

Listeriosis can be diagnosed in laboratory by taking samples, which are tested for listeria germs such as samples of urine, blood, spinal fluid or amniotic fluid from the womb uterus.

Treatment:

Many children and adults with mild illness only require treatment of the symptoms. Medicines are used to treat fever or if you have infection of the gut then increase fluid intake. Antibiotics help to treat severe infection. People with severe symptoms should be treated in hospital. urgent care canton mi

Prevention:

Antibiotics help to treat listeria but prevention is better.  Some simple food safety guidelines are:

Keep things clean:

Wash your hands with soap and warm water before and after preparing or handling food. Wash utensils with warm water after cooking. Follow advice on food labels.

Scrub raw vegetables:

Clean raw vegetables with plenty of water by using a vegetable brush.

Cook food thoroughly:

Cook food such as meat, eggs, and vegetables completely by using a food thermometer.

  • Keep foods for as short period of time as possible
  • Keep cooked and raw food away from each other
  • Wash knives, hands, and cutting board after handling raw food.
  • Throw leftover reheated food.

Safe foods to avoid listeria:

In order to avoid listeria eat safe foods that include:

  • Freshly prepared food
  • Milk (freshly pasteurized)
  • Yogurt
  • Canned and pickled food
  • Freshly cooked foods
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Ways to Clear Your Mind of Stress

There are constant ups and down in life. We all experience stress at some specific point in our life. Mind is such a tool given to soul to live purposely during life. Every day our mind has to deal with emotions, thoughts, knowledge, and aspirations. Therefore, it is necessary to flow with these entire factors harmonically in good manner and through life’s challenges.

Stress spoils the life. Sometimes we can look back and become aware that it was not really troubling and wonder why we ever let it to ruin our quality of life. In order to develop a better performance and improve mental health it is essential to de-clutter mind. Few stress management tips can help to lift the load and gives the feelings that life can be easy.

Identify stress trigger:

First of all try to find the basic reason of stress. The stress triggers may be more than once and you cannot eliminate all but you can remove at least one.

Talk about the stress|:

Keeping everything to yourself can do nothing but add to your stress. Discussing your problems to someone can help to relieve the pressure and to find the possible solution.

Exercise:

One of the best stress reliever is exercise. Especially cardiovascular exercise releases endorphins in the brain that can help to reduce stress and feel good.

Laugh:

According to research, laughing can decrease stress hormones and increases the good hormones (HDL). Laughing can force you to feel better.

Breathe:

Slow and deep breathing for a couple of minutes can significantly reduce stress and help the body to handle the stress better. Slower breathe activate the relaxation mode of body.

Eat well:

Our moods and foods are closely related. Healthy eating can help to improve energy, productivity, and physical mental health. Eating balanced diet such as fresh fruits, veggies, and whole grains can help to manage the stress. canton urgent care

Get quality sleep:

A good sleep can help to handle better the stressful situations. In order to stay healthy sleep is an essential component. Make sure to get enough and restorative sleep by having a dark and quiet environment.

Hug someone:

Hugging a trusted and beloved ones is also a useful way of reducing harmful effects of stress. It is also an effective way of conveying support. At the University of North carolina’s researchers found that those women who hugged their partners frequently have low blood pressure.

 

Plan a vacation:

There is a scientific reason of good mood when we plan a vacation. It is actually all about expectations. Researchers suggest that people become more excited when planning for vacation and less during the trip. The vigor of emotions is always strong during anticipation period. urgent care canton mi

Be in the moment:

Mostly people think about work during their relaxation time. It is not possible to be productive if you do not relax your mind. Focus on how good you have done a job. This will help to motivate you

Count your blessings:

Instead of focusing on negative and stressful moments just think about all the positive things and blessings in your life. It sounds sleazy but it works.

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Natural Remedies for Seasonal Allergy Relief, You Can Try Today

Spring, the sweet warmer time of the year with flowers blooming and greenery everywhere. But hold on, seasonal allergies are also common in the spring, sneezing, runny or stuffy nose, itchy body, watery or red eyes are the common symptoms of these seasonal allergies. Every year over 18 million adults face seasonal allergies in the US. Interestingly, research studies reveals that minimum 33% to maximum 91% of people inherit the sensitivity for different type of allergens like pollen, dust, weeds or trees, smoke, smell or air mold spores etc. When the level of all these allergens increases and reach up to a certain threshold in the spring, these small microscopic burrs get stick to the airways and irritate the tissues which activate the immune to retaliate against it. Extra mucus or fluid is produced, nose and throat swell or scratchy with watery eyes. Need is, you should know what should you do to minimize the affects of seasonal allergies by yourself before you see the doctor. Interestingly, you can have your allergy treated at MI Express Care Canton Urgent Care

Saline.

Either you like it or dislike it, but studies reveals that flushing your nasal passages with saline is very useful technique and it improve the allergy symptoms over 27% (review by American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy). Studies suggests that Xylitol is more effective and gentle to clear up nasal passages. You can also use neti pot for better saline experience. It clear the nasal airways 31% faster & reduce the needs of medicines by 62%.

Apple Cider.

Another natural anti allergy remedy is Apple cider vinegar; it helps in reducing the mucus production and good to clean lymphatic system. The blunt and quick approach is to have a tablespoon inhaled. You also can mix it with bit of honey & a cup of warm water.

Exercise.

Research study conducted in Thailand, suggested that 30 minutes exercise can relieve you from the severe allergy symptoms. The reason is, exercise causes anti inflammatory effects in the nasal airways which help in reducing the allergy symptoms.

Honey.

Local honey is best remedy you can have to lower the allergy symptoms, as bees create it from pure natural what’s around. Squeeze a lemon & one or two tablespoon honey in sugarless green tea to relieve your chest congestion and allergy symptoms.

Vegetables and fruits.

Probiotics strengthen your immune system with introducing useful bacteria in to the digestive tract. Fermented foods kombocha, kimchi & yogurt etc are the good sources of probiotics. The healthier your diet is, the healthier your body will be & strong will be the immune system.  Some foods like peanuts, pineapple, sun flower seeds etc act as active allergens for many people. So, the need is to add vegetables and fruits to your daily diet specially the citrus fruits to your daily diet. Nettle leaf can also be helpful. Swelling garlic, ginger tea with a tea spoon honey mixed are also helpful in relieving allergy symptoms.

Keep Hydrated.

Keep the body hydrated with water and other fluid like warm vegetable or chicken soups and green tea etc. Dehydration makes the body tired, restless and cause bloating in extreme cases. Keeping the body hydrated will not only keep the throat and nasal passage moist and wet but also help the body to washout the waste.

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All-Natural Home Remedies for Fast Cold & Flu Relief

You would have experienced ruby or itchy throat, cough, fever body aches and watery or sometimes stuffy nose with continuous sneezing. These are the symptoms of flu or cold symptoms. You shouldn’t wait until it gets worst. Treatments in the early stages or in the start of the symptoms will make you not only able to possibly avoid the virus worst attack but also it eliminates the possibility of spreading to other people. Here are few recommended tips in the early start of the symptoms. You should visit MI Express Care Canton Urgent Care in case you have encountered cold, sore throat, flu or fever.

  1. Avoid Hard Work. When you feel you are getting sick, avoid waking up for late night, consume lot of energy in doing hard project work or got for daily running for mile or two. Rather think about rest, let your body repair and combat the symptoms. Increase and store your body energy level for better fight against in invaded viruses.
  2. Treatment. Treat the symptoms like fever, headache, sinus pain etc with pain killer medicines but you should know what medicine is for. You should know what medicines to take in what amount.
  3. Getting enough sleep, especially in the start of the symptoms is very useful for the body; it helps the body to repair itself. Body regains the energy when you sleep, so avoid waking up for late nights.

  1. Drink lot of fluid. When the cold virus attack the body and start showing the symptoms, it’s the best time to keep the body hydrated, as immune system preparing the body to fight back the invaded virus. Chicken corn or vegetable soup, green tea and lot of water keep the body moist and hydrated.  Squeeze a lemon in Green tea and mix spoon honey in, it is very helpful in relieving  you from throat pain and scratches
  2. Soothe the throat. Gargling with warm salted water after hour or two is helpful for relieving your scratchy or sore throat.
  3. Avoid Dry Environment. Keep the indoor environment moist and wet. Humidifiers and vaporizers are very useful to keep the indoor air moist and wet. Keep all the things clean and sprayed with anti-germ liquids specially the surfaces.
  4. Hot shower. Hot shower or setting up in the steamed baths help to ease the sore and starchy nose and throat and relieve your congestion.
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Dry mouth: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Dry mouth or xerostomia is a condition in which salivary glands in mouth do not produce enough saliva to keep the mouth moist & wet. Salvia helps to moisten and cleanses the mouth, maintain good dental health, and also help in food digestion. Moreover, salvia also controls bacteria and fungi in the mouth thus prevent infections. Occasionally having a dry mouth if you are nervous, upset or dehydrated is normal. However, a persistently dry mouth can be an indication of an underlying problem. canton urgent care

Xerostomia is common mostly in the adult population. Dry mouth can make it difficult to chew food, swallow and speak plainly. Dry mouth on its own is not a serious medical condition. But sometimes it can be a sign of an underlying problem that need treatment.

Causes:

Sometimes dry mouth can be caused by an underlying medical condition. The possible causes include:

Medications:

Many medicines can cause dry mouth. These medicines include:

  • Antidepressants
  • Antihistamines
  • Decongestants
  • Hypertensive medications
  • Muscle relaxants

Age:

Although aging is not the natural cause of dry mouth but mostly older people take more medications as compared to others. So many of the medications taken by them can leads to dry mouth.

Blocked nose:

While sleeping breathing through the mouth due to the blocked nose can cause dry mouth.

Radiotherapy:

Radiotherapy to the head and neck can destruct the salivary glands as a result less salvia is produced.

Tobacco:

Smoking or chewing tobacco can also increase the risk of dry mouth.

Some other health conditions and habits that cause dry mouth are:

  • Depression
  • Snoring
  • Sleeping with open mouth
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Diabetes

Symptoms:

Sign and symptoms of dry mouth include:

  • Bad breath
  • Frequent thirst
  • Sore throat
  • Dry feeling in the throat
  • Dry and red tongue
  • Sticky salvia
  • Problems speaking
  • Trouble tasting, chewing

Complications:

Lack of saliva and dry mouth can lead to further complications such as:

  • Mouth sores
  • Increased plaque
  • Tooth decay
  • Gum disease
  • Mouth’s yeast infection
  • Cracked lips

Diagnosis:

Diagnosis of xerostomia involves:

  • Physical examination: a doctor can examine the symptoms like the inner cheeks looks dry and rough.
  • Tooth examination: the dentist may check the tooth decay’s pattern.
  • Salvia tests: a typical salvia test includes rolling out of lower lip and mops it to dry. Usually, salvia should make the lower lip moist within a half minute.
  • Medical history: the doctor often asks for medical history to check for disease or medicines that can lead to dry mouth.

Treatment:

The treatment mainly depends upon the cause of the problem. The treatments options include:

Changes to medicines:

The doctor will determine the actual cause and then treatment. If dry mouth is caused by medicines as a side effect the doctor may prescribe the alternative medicine or can adjust the dosage.

Salvia substitutes:

The dentist or doctor can recommend an artificial salvia substitute which can be used according to directions.

Dry mouth products:

These products consist of lubricants that help to treat dry mouth. These products include;

  • Mouthwash
  • Toothpaste
  • Topical gels
  • Gums

Antibiotics:

Antibiotic and anti-fungal drugs are used to treat infection to prevent dry mouth.

Surgery:

Salivary gland blockages are usually removed with surgery.

Dry mouth comfort tips:

Be guided by your doctor or dentist but some self-care tips may also help are:

  • Brush your teeth at least 2 times a day (use prescribed toothpaste).
  • Use fluoride products regularly.
  • Use an air humidifier in the room.
  • Treat dry lips with greasy lip balm.
  • Breathe through the nose.
  • Add extra liquid to foods.
  • Avoid caffeine, alcohol, and tobacco.
  • Chewing sugarless gum.
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Melatonin: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Dosage, and Warning

Melatonin (sleeping hormone) is a hormone that is produced by the pineal gland in the brain. It helps to control our daily sleep-wake cycle. Melatonin levels changes in 24 hours and its production are reduced in bright light and increases at night. That’s why it is often called “the hormone of darkness”. You can also take it in pills.

Environmental influences:

Natural light is not the only factor that affects melatonin levels. Certain foods such as strawberries, walnuts, tomatoes, rice, olive, barley, cow’s milk, and cherries also influence the melatonin levels.

What does Melatonin do?

Melatonin plays a vital role in regulating the internal body’s clock cycle of sleep and wakefulness. In the early evening and late afternoon hormones are released that make the body prepare for sleep. In regards to sleep, the blood melatonin levels start to rise 2 hours before sleep.  While during the early hours of the morning, the body starts to prepare for waking. Even when a human body is kept distant from external light sources, the body retains a natural rhythm of 24 hours and 11 minutes.

Melatonin supplements:

Melatonin supplements can be available at food stores and drugstores. These supplements are available in pills, chewable, and liquid

Sleep Aid:

The sleep hormone melatonin is a common natural remedy to treat problems like insomnia. Melatonin in children and adults help to increase the total sleep time, reduce the time it took to fall asleep and also enhance the quality of sleep. It is best to take a melatonin supplement 30-60 minutes before bedtime for insomnia.

Three main functions:

The main three functions of melatonin are;

Circadian rhythm:

Melatonin helps in normalizing circadian rhythm by preparing the body for sleep. This hormone actually prepares the body for sleep and not makes you fall asleep.

Antioxidant:

Melatonin not only affects the body’s clock melatonin but also work as an antioxidant. It supports health by helping different aspects of the brain, gastrointestinal health, and cardiovascular.

Boost the immune system:

Melatonin can boost the immune system in various ways. According to a study, it is a potential tool against inflammation, bacterial diseases, Type 1 diabetes, and autoimmune diseases.

Other uses:

Besides sleep disorders, scientists are studying other conditions where melatonin may help. The conditions are;

Headaches:

According to small evidence, the melatonin can relieve some headaches, especially the cluster headaches (severe and frequent pain on one side of the head).

Cancer:

Some clinical studies indicate that melatonin may work as an anticancer agent together with radiation therapy and chemotherapy.

Alzheimer’s disease:

Melatonin levels decrease with age but this decline is more evident in patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Melatonin appears to slow the cognitive decline related to Alzheimer’s disease.

Gallbladder stones:

Melatonin’s antioxidant properties may help to prevent gallstones development.

Protection from radioactivity:

Most of the damage due to contact with radioactive substances is caused by free radicals. In this regard, melatonin may help for people who work in the high-radiation area and for patients undergoing radiation therapy.

Dosage:

Melatonin daily doses of 0.5-10 mg appear effective. However, it is best to stick to the recommended dosage because all supplements are not the same. In order to improve the sleep quality and maximum effectiveness try to take it 30 minutes before bedtime.

Interactions:

Besides its effectiveness, melatonin supplements can interact with various medicines including;

  • Diabetes medicines
  • Anticoagulants and antiplatelet drugs
  • Anticonvulsants
  • Birth control pills

Ask your doctor if you want to take any supplement, especially if you a health condition or taking any medicine.

Side effects:

The common melatonin side effects include;

  • Heavy head feeling
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Drowsiness
  • Depression

Melatonin has many useful works within the human body. It appears that melatonin might be helpful in treating some diseases and in time its full potential will become clear.

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Exercise Reverse the Bad Effects of Sitting? A Study Revealed

Sitting for long hours results in lot of undesirable affects on the human bodies. A study has found that sitting for long hours has connections with heart disease, obesity and diabetes. It doesn’t simply means that you may be the easy target of cardiac disease just because of sitting for long hours, but sitting for long hours is not have no good signs for body in long run but the good sign is that exercise may help you to decrease the level of risks.

From 2017 – 2016 the total sitting time increased one hour a day each year with 6.4 hrs for adults and 8.2 for teen agers, Yin Cao said, Asst professor in School of Medicines St.Louis at University of Washington. She is the senior author of the research study that analyzed the US sitting data of National Health & Nutrition Examination Survey of 52000 Americans from 2001 – 2016. The survey prepared separate questions for sitting times beyond school and offices times like watching TV or using computers.

Percentage of people who spent at least two hours is given below.

  • 62% were children
  • 65% Adults, in which 84% people were 65 or over.
  • 59% Teen agers

This is the average sitting time, while the overall sitting times data is given as under.

  • Watching TV for 3 hours or more: 38%
  • Watching TV fot 4 hours or more on daily basis: 23%
  • Watching Videos & TV time’s changes were slight and it is fairly stable.
  • Computer use & driving sedentary times spiked.
  • Computer use outside office and schools increased in all age groups over the previous 15 years. Time. Data of 2001 – 2015,16 are;
  • 56% children used computer for one hour or more as compare to previous 43%.
  • Computer usage ratio for teen rise from 53% to 57%.
  • For adults, data spiked from 29% to 50%.

NHANES survey didn’t collect the Handled Devices data, so as this study also didn’t include facts about it, Cao stated that. The Technological change has increased the use of computers but surprisingly TV sitting remained stable as it was thought that computer use would have decreased it. canton urgent care

Exercise: Exercise has not only useful for overall health but it also reduces the stress level. Risks of obesity, heart disease and other diseases decrease as the level of exercise increases.  The magic threshold would be 150 minutes activity per week to decrease the over diseases risks. Even a short spin of exercise are also beneficial, another study has revealed. According to a study conducted in Australia that more than 300 minutes strong physical activities a week possibly wipe out the risks. Importantly not all the people completely agree with the findings of the study.

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Skipping Breakfast is Bad for Your Heart Health?

We all know that breakfast is the most beneficial food of the day but a research study by University of lowa confirmed it. Wei Bai an Epidemiologist (health professionals who are experts of investigating impacts of diseases and injuries on human bodies) at university of lowa wrote in the study that breakfast is good for heart health.

Previous studies were about the negative impacts of leaving breakfast on body like diabetes and high blood pressure but this study is the first ever which found that there is connection between leaving breakfast and heart disease.

The study firmly stated that

“People with 40-75 with no breakfast routines, have 87% higher risks of death from heart disease than people with regular breakfast routines.”

According to Wei Bao, breakfast gives a jump start the body and organizes the daily biological clock and it is the vital part of healthy lifestyle.

Majority of people needs to eat when they wake up. It is not healthy to eat breakfast regularly but also an instant energy booster for the body after sleeping for hours. This research study not only indicates it as an energy booster but also state the dramatic rise of the possibilities of death from heart disease. These research findings are backed by the health analysis of 6650 US citizens for 20 years. People without breakfast routines have three times higher risks of heart disease than the people with regular breakfast routine.

Also, the team pointed out many reasons why leaving breakfast routine is so harmful for the body. Most important, breakfast skipping leads to bad hunger which develops the overeating routine in long run which is the main cause of obesity. canton urgent care

Long morning fast causes the insulin sensitivity impairment which is a hormonal factor linked with diabetes and obesity. Lack of breakfast may also disturb interlinked hormonal processes which result in higher BP. Research team also revealed that skipping breakfast also results in worsening cholesterol.

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Tonsil stones: Causes, symptoms, and treatment

Tonsils or Tonsilloliths are the pieces of tissues in the back of each side of the mouth. Tonsils are gland-like structures made up of tissues that contain lymph nodes that filter out bacteria and viruses and fight infections. They are an important part of the immune system as they work like nets and trapping the incoming virus, bacteria and mucus passing through throat. Tonsils may be developed in such a way when humans are not exposed to many germs. People who have had tonsils detached are no more likely to go through bacterial and viral infections than people with intact tonsils.

Tonsils are of three types:

  • Palatine (on throat sides)
  • Pharyngeal ( at throat back)
  • Lingual ( at back or base of tongue)

Symptoms:

Tonsils are removed when becoming painful. Although tonsils stones may be difficult to examine, they can cause noticeable symptoms. Small tonsils are more common but they may not cause any symptom.  Symptoms include:

  • Bad breath
  • Ear pain
  • Sore throat
  • Swollen tonsils
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Cough
  • Yellow or white debris on tonsils

Causes:

The possible cause of tonsils stones include:

  • Poor dental hygiene
  • Chronic sinus problems
  • Large tonsils
  • Inflamed tonsils

Diagnosis:

Due to the small size and structure of tonsils they are often not visible with naked eyes. Moreover the twists and folds of tonsils providing a hiding place for stones to form. Tonsils are usually diagnosed by CT scans or dental X-rays. canton urgent care

Removal:

The appropriate treatment for tonsils depends on the size of tonsils and the extent of discomfort caused by it. Mostly tonsils are not always with harm but people want get rid of it as its create a bad smell and create discomfort. These can be removed by the following ways:

Gargling:

Gargling with salty water may help to knock out tonsils and can relieve the discomfort of throat. Salt water also helps to eliminate the odor and change mouth chemistry.

Cough:

Tonsils may be first felt when coughing and energetic coughing may help to loosen the stones.

Antibiotics:

Antibiotics can be used in some cases to treat tonsils. These antibiotics can lower the bacteria counts that play a role in the growth and development of tonsil stones. However, these cannot treat the underlying cause and should not be used long term.

Laser tonsil Cryptolysis:

In this treatment, Breaking of tonsil stones with the help of laser  and along with removal of tonsil stones lodge. Local anesthesia is used usually for this process and recovery times are minimal.

Coblation cryptolysis:

In coblation cryptolysis is the method of treatment which salt solutions are transformed with the help of radio waves in charged icons & pass it through tissues. Coblation cryptolysis can reduce the crypt in tonsil without burning sensation.

Tonsillectomy:

Tonsillectomy is the surgical process of removing tonsils. In this procedure laser, scalpel, or coblation device is used. Doctors tend to recommend this surgery for severe, chronic cases when all other treatments all useless.

Tips for reducing the formation of tonsil stones:

  • Brush teeth and tongue twice a day.
  • Wash mouth with appropriate mouthwash.
  • Drink more water.
  • Avoid alcohol consumption because alcohol causes dry mouth.
  • Use cotton swabs to push off the tonsils.
  • Drink lemon juice because vitamin C can help in removing tonsil stones.
  • Eating raw garlic because its anti-bacterial properties help to remove bacteria.

All the above treatments are effective but only a physician can recommend the best one. However, the best way to prevent tonsils is to maintain good health habits and proper hygiene.

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Measles: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and treatment

Measles is a viral disease that rapidly spreads and causes fever and a skin rash. It is also called morbilli or rubeola. Measles is the fifth topmost cause of death and illness worldwide. The viruses of this disease live in the mucus of nose and throat and spread primarily through air by coughing, sneezing and direct contact with the affected person.  The virus can stay active in the air and on surfaces for about 2 hours.

Measles is very contagious, you have a 90% chance of getting it if you are not vaccinated and are in a room with someone else who has measles. This unpleasant condition normally passes without any treatment within 7-10 days. After this, a person gets immunity for the rest of life. It is improbable to get measles second time.

Symptoms:

Measles symptoms appear 7-18 day after exposure to the causing virus. But before knowing you can spread it to others because it spreads very rapidly. The signs of measles include:

  • Fever
  • Runny nose
  • Sore and red eyes
  • Dry cough
  • Sleepiness
  • Bluish and red spots inside the mouth

Complications:

Possible complications are:

  • Ear infection
  • Blindness
  • Pneumonia
  • Encephalitis (brain inflammation) which can cause brain damage or death.
  • Premature labor, low birth weight or miscarriage if catch this disease during pregnancy.
  • Respiratory infections

Causes:

This highly contagious illness is caused by infection with rubeola virus, which lives in the mucus of the nose and throat of an infected individual. The infection mainly spread through:

  • Physical contact (with an infected person)
  • Being near an infected person
  • Touching surfaces that contain infected droplets

Diagnosis:

It is very important to diagnose measles early in order to prevent its complications and spreading. Measles can be diagnosed on the basis of symptoms and possible exposure to the virus. Healthcare provider can confirm the measles by:

  • Blood test
  • Urine test
  • Nasopharyngeal (back of nose and throat) swab.
  • Medical history and travel history
  • Physical examination

 

Treatment:

There is no specific treatment for measles.  In the case of no complications test and fluids are recommended to prevent dehydration. The treatments options include:

For fever:

If the temperature of the infected person is too high it should be kept cool but not too cool. Tylenol or ibuprofen can help to control aches, pain, and fever. canton urgent care

Sunglasses:

The dim lights or a darkened room may increase the comfort, like sensitivity to light is increased by measles.

humidifiers:

Cough medicine may not relieve the measles cough. Placing a bowl of water in room or humidifiers may help.

Fluids:

A high fever can lead to dehydration so, plenty of fluids are recommended to prevent dehydration.

Antibiotics:

The Measles virus cannot be controlled through antibiotics but they may be prescribed in case of additional bacterial infection.

Prevention:

If someone has measles then the following precautions may help to protect the vulnerable family members and friends.

Isolation:

It is necessary to keep the nonimmunized people away from the infected person because this infection spreads easily. During this period the infected person should not be involved in the activities in which they interact with other people.

Vaccination:

Vaccines are the best way to prevent the spread of measles. The MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine is 975 effective after two doses. For infants, the first dose is usually given between 12 and 15 months, while the second dose is typically given between 4 and 6 year age. Talk with child’s doctor before traveling abroad about getting measles vaccine earlier. The vaccine is effective for most people but should be taken by:

  • Pregnant women or plan to become pregnant.
  • People with serious allergies
  • People with a weakened immune system ( from diseases like tuberculosis and leukemia)

Most people recover within 2- weeks.

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